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normalcy

returning the country to stability and prosperity; getting things back to the way they were before WWI

teapot dome scandal

a scandal under harding's administration in which government officials were accused of taking bribes to allow oil to be mined from federal lands; example of how president harding was seen and remembered as

model t

a sturdy and reliable car built by henry ford

assembly line

a system begun by henry ford to decrease the time it took to make cars that used conveyer belts to move parts and partly assembled cars from one group of workers to another. workers would stay in place

flappers

young women that cut their hair short and wore makeup and short dresses, opened to challenge traditional ideas of womanhood by going to bars, smoking, drinking, going to speakeasies, etc; spirited young women of 20s who bobbed their hair, wore short dresses above the knee, masculine behavior, which showed a rebellious attitude

red scare

a widespread fear of communism and communists

prohibition

the outlaw of the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages; 18th amendment

speakeasies

illegal bars where liquor was sold

bootleggers

seized control of illegal alcohol business; they made their own alcohol, or smuggled it from canada or mexico; transported it to speakeasies

2st amendment

repeal of 18th amendment because of the increase in crime and didn't do what they wanted; didn't stop americans from drinking

scope's trial

a highschool science teacher was put on trial for teaching evolution which is gradual changes of a species (humans) overtime; tennessee people were fundamentalists

talkie

motion picture with sound

jazz age

an explosion in the popularity of jazz music, new orleans, bend of rag time and blues

"buying on margin"

the process of purchasing stock with credit, hoping to sell at a high enough price to pay the loan and make a profit

black tuesday

one of the largest us stock market drops, so many people wanted to sell their stocks, and so few wanted to buy that the stock prices collapsed; everyone was selling but no one was buying worst day of stock market; great depression began

business cycle

the rhythm in which an economy expands and contracts its production; ups and downs of economy

boom

when things were good

bust

when things were bad

great depression

a severe economic crisis that lasted for the entire decade of the 1930s

"the only thing we have to fear is fear itself"

a quote by roosevelt in his first inaugural address in which he explained that it was only feat of the future that could keep americans from moving forward; economy would recover

new deal

roosevelt's legislative plan to end the great depression that included dramatic reforms of government agencies and powers; new programs to battle the depression and aid economic recovery; relief, recovery, and reform

fireside chat

radio programs in which roosevelt explained his plan for recovery from the great depression in which he spoke directly to the american people; spoke in friendly family style

civilian conservation corps

provided jobs for hundreds of thousands of people through projects such as planting trees and improving national parks; hired by federal government

civil works administration

employed more than 4 million americans building roads and airports

tennessee valley authority

a governmental agency designed to bring jobs by building dams and generators, bringing electricity to rural areas of the tennesee river valley

works progress administration

governmental agency to provide jobs for unemployed americans which employed some 8.5 million people of tens of thousands of projects all over the country building bridges, parks, roads, airports, museums, etc.

social security act

provided some financial security for the elderly, the disabled, children, and the unemployed; the pension plan: to help pay for these programs, the law placed a new tax on workers and employers

national labor relations board

passed in response of the fact that the supreme court declared the national industrial recovery act unconstitutional; sometimes called the wagner act after its sponsor, senator robert f. wagner of new york; it allowed workers to join labor unions and take part in collective bargaining; TO OVERSEE UNION ACTIVITIES

dust bowl

parts of the great plains that were swept by massive dust storms and suffered a severe drought; drought lasted for years; about 50 million acres were covered; over planting may have led to this

Nazis

hitler's national socialist german worker's party

appeasement

a policy of avoiding war with an aggressive nation by giving in to its demands

pearl harbor

us naval base in Hawaii that bombed by japan and most airplanes ad ships were destroyed.

"a date which will live in infamy"

told through radio chats by fdr in which he asked congress to declare war on Japan

internment

forced relocation and Japanese-americans imprisoned; interned because of fear; over 100,000

d-day

major invasion by US of german-occupied france; largest sea to land invasion

bataan death march

a forced march of american and filipino soldiers captured when trying to escape by the japanese bataan peninsula to prison camps; marched over 60 miles

iwo jima

one of the war's fiercest battles; last a month; japanese were dug into caves; solders were constructed to fight until death; US victory

holocaust

a program of mass murder in which the Nazis and Hitler tried to kill all Jaws in the name of Aryan supremacy (perfect race); 6 million jews murdered

genocide

the extermination of an entire group of people

atomic bomb

bomb used on Japan which forced them to surrender; produce radiation

USS Missouri

treaty that ended WWII was signed on board of the ....

bay of pigs

cuban exiles landed by boat here in a plan to overthrow castro from office; castro's forces quickly responded, killing many people; US had supported the cuban exiles; disastrous invasion attempt supported by US

cuban missile crisis

a threat to national security that occurred when the soviet union placed nuclear missiles in cuba; the US navy formed a blockade around cuba to prevent soviet ships from bringing in more weapons; kennedy demanded that the soviet union turned around with missiles or there would be war; soviet union turned around

26th amendment

lowered the federal voting age from 21 to 18

watergate

five reporters were arrested while breaking in to the democratic national committee's offices; a scandal in which nixon resigned being accused of illegal activity; kennedy knew about it

iran hostage crisis

iranian students attacked the US embassy in Tehran, the capital of iran, seizing about 90 american hostages; lasted 444 days; released on ronald raegan's unaguration

berlin wall

a barrier between communist east and west berlin; stood as a symbol of cold war

520

richard nixon was reelected president with ___ electoral votes

525

ronald raegan was reelected president with ___ electoral votes

nationalism

a strong sense of pride and loyalty to one's nation or culture

militarism

the aggressive strengthening of armed forces. It was very common in Europe at the moment because of nationalism

trench warfare

defending a position by fighting from the protection of deep ditches. ankle deep mud, narrow trenches, spread of disease, and freezing cold weather

dog fights

first time airplanes would fight in a war

stalemate

a situation in which neither side can win a decisive victory

U-boats

German submarines that launched torpedoes against allied supply ships, causing heavy losses

Lusitania

a British ocean liner that was sunk by a German U-boat. This incident fueled anti-German feeling in the US

Zimmermann Note

A secret telegram to Mexico sent by the German cabinet member in which he promised that Germany would help Mexico recapture areas that Mexico had lost during the Mexican-American War.

selective service act

required men between the ages of 21 and 30 to register to be drafted

communists

people who favor the equal distribution of wealth and the end of all forms of private property. The government has control of economy and people's life.

armistice

end of WWI. truce or cease-fire agreement between warring nations

Wilson's fourteen points

Woodrow Wilson's idea. List of specific proposals for postwar peace. League of Nations was one of them

League of Nations

International assembly of nations that settle international disputes and encourage democracy. Part of Wilson's plan. Part of the treaty that ended WWI. President Harding would reject this.

reparations

payments for war damages. Were set at $33 billion. Germany had to pay but never did

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