Biology Chapter 31 Test

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How do snakes subdue their prey?

some by constriction, some by injecting venom, grabbing and swallowing whole

In the roof of a snake's mouth, a pitlike sense organ that picks up airborne chemicals is the _____.

Jacobson's organ

Alligators and crocodiles use their _____ to swim rapidly.

tails

Rattlesnakes can detect heat by means of heat-sensitive pits in the _____.

head

A snake that kills by wrapping around its prey until it cannot breathe is called a _____.

constrictor

What structure do turtles have for protection?

a shell

Which structures do birds share with no other animals?

feathers

A snake flicks its tongue as a _____.

way to test chemicals in the air

A rattlesnake detects your presence by means of its _____.

heat-sensitive organs

How does A contrast between the salamander and the crocodile shown in Figure 31-2?

crocodile skin is dry and scaly while salamander skin is moist and smooth

How does B contrast between the salamander and the crocodile shown in Figure 31-2?

the crocodile's legs keep its body close to the ground?

How does C contrast between the salamander and the crocodile shown in Figure 31-2?

the crocodile has four chambers?

How does D contrast between the salamander and the crocodile shown in Figure 31-2?

crocodiles have stronger jaws

Which beak shown in Figure 31-4 is used to scoop things?

C

Which beak shown in Figure 31-4 is used to drill into trees to get insects?

D

Which beak shown in Figure 31-4 is used to tear meat?

B

Which beak shown in Figure 31-4 is most similar to that of a theropod dinosaur?

B

The ____________________ of a bird, which looks like a blade-shaped anchor, is a large breastbone to which powerful flight muscles are attached.

sternum

A(n) ____________________ is a lightweight, modified scale that provides insulation and enables flight.

feather

When a snake or lizard's tongue is drawn back into the mouth, it is inserted into a structure called ____________________ where the chemical molecules are analyzed.

Jacobson's organ

A(n) ____________________ is an animal that maintains a constant body temperature that is not dependent on the environmental temperature.

endotherm

A(n) ____________________ contains membranes that protect the embryo and provide it with nourishment while it develops in a terrestrial environment.

amniotic egg

clear part of the egg
embryo excretes nitrogenous wastes into it
outer membrane surrounding the yolk, allantois, and amnion that allows for gas exchange
membrane filled with fluid that cushions the embryo
main food supply for the embryo

albumen
allantois
chorion
amnion
yolk

Figure 31-1 shows a diagram of the amniotic egg, with its parts labeled A through F. Match each of the following terms with the labels: yolk, shell, chorion, amnion, allantois, albumen.

1. = D, albumen
2. = E, allantois
3. = C, amnion
4. = B, chorion
5. = F, shell
6. = A, yolk

How does a reptile's scaly skin make it suited to life on land?

The scaly rough skin prevents the loss of moisture and helps with other protection from predators. Since their since is so rough.

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