Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Aaron

Brother of Moses, he is Moses' "spokesman" or "mouth piece"

Abba

What Jesus calls YHWH. Means "Papa" or "Daddy"

Abraham

Patriarch, founding father, father of Isaac and Ishmael and wife of Sarah. His name means "the father is exalted."

Abram

Abraham's name before it was changed

Abrek

Egyptian cry of homage

Abyss

Aka chaos, primeval waters at Creation

Acts of the Apostle

written by Luke

adam

means man

adama

means earth

Adonai

"Lord" in Hebrew, means "slave or property owner"

Agnus

Latin for lamb

Alexander the Great

Led the Hellenistic Invasion

Amos

First writing prophet

Andrew

one of the first apostles in Matthew

Angel

a "messenger of God"

Anthology

A collection of various forms of literature

Anthropomorphism

attributing to God, human characteristics.

Apocalypse

a prophetic rebelation

Apocrypha

refers to "hidden" texts that are important parts of Christian history, but are not part of the canon.

Apollos

What was the name of the other man whom some in the church at Corinth were saying they followed?

Apostle

"one who is sent"

Apostles

Followers associated most closely with Jesus

Ark of the Covenant

the wooden container that held the twelve commandments

Ascension

the rising of the body of Jesus into heaven on the 40th day after his Resurrection

Asenath

wife of Joseph

Asher

son of Jacob and Zilpah

Assyrian Invasion

the attack on the Northern Kingdom of Israel by the nation of Assyria

Athanasius

In 364, he choose the books of the New Testament and compiled them together

Atheism

belief in no god

Ba'al

Canaan's god of fertility

Babylonian Captivity

A period of time in which the Jews were removed from Isreal and taken as slaves

Baker

was in jail with Joseph and the cupbearer

Baptism of John

the event in the life of Jesus that begins the Gospel of Mark

Bar

son of

Benjamin

means child of joy

Benoni

means child of pain

Bethel

abode of God

Bethlehem

house of bread

Bible

the sacred writings of the Christian religions

Bilhah

maidservant of Rachel who gave birth to Dan and Naphtali

Birthright

The inheritance of the eldest son earned at birth

Blasphemy

an insult to something holy

bow shot

An ancient way to measure distance

Brazier

means "oven"

Bridal week

The week after a couple are wed in which the wife is expected to become pregnant

Bris

The celebration of circumcision

Call Story

A scene in which a major biblical character first encounters God

Canaan

"land of milk and honey"

Canon

The official list of books in the Bible

Catholicas

Greek word for universal

Centurion

(ancient Rome) the leader of 100 soldiers

Chaos

Waters at creation (also known as abyss and primordial waters)

Charis

Greek for "God's saving will"

Chi-rho

The first two letters of the Greek word for Christos; a symbol of Jesus Christ

Christ

a title given to Jesus that means "anointed one"

Christian Sabbath

sunset Saturday- sunset Sunday every week which is meant to be treated as a day of rest

Christian Scripture

The official name of the New Testament

Christological

The adj. form of Christology

Christology

the branch of theology concerned with the person and attributes and deeds of Christ

Christos

Greek for anointed one

Church

one of the groups of Christians who have their own beliefs and forms of worship

Church Order Discourse

4th Discourse

Circumcision

Physical sign of the covenant

Cistern

A dry well

Citation

Way to locate passages within the Bible

City of David

Another name for Bethlehem

Commentary

A book with complete exegesis of the Bible

Characteristics of God

Communal, Consistent, Covenental, Unitive, Good, Liberating, Reveals, Dynamic

Concubine

A secondary wife or sex partner

Consort

Another name for a secondary wife or sex partner

Constantine

Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians (280-337)

Consumate

When a couple first has sexual intercourse after being wed

Contextualism

When a person observes SIL, redaction, etc. when reading scripture

Cosmic Christ

aka pre-existent Christ

Council of Jerusalem

first Council called around 50 AD, determined that Gentiles could convert to Christianity without first becoming Jewish

Council of Nicea

meeting of bishops in 325 where they formulated the Nicene Creed

Covenant

an agreement between God and his people in which God makes certain promises and requires certain behavior from them in return

Covenant Ritual

Gen. 15 Ex. Circumcision
Something repeated in order to maintain a covenant

Cows of the Nile

hippos

Creation

When everything came into existence

Creed

a list of beliefs

Cup bearer

was in jail with Joseph and the baker

Curse

the opposite of a blessing

Cut a Covenant

A ceremony that sealed an agreement or covenant. In this ritual, both parties would walk between the split carcasses of an animal(s) to pledge their life in faithfulness to the covenant.

Cyclic History

Life repeats and a spirit is "recycled"

Cyrus of Persia

Persian king who defeated Babylonia and thereby freed the Jews. Responsible for the Diaspora

Dan

Son of Jacob and Bilhah

Daniel

D of JEDI (JEDI being an acronym of the major prophets)

Darkness

Signals the coming of God

David

2nd, and the greatest, king of the Isrealites

Days of Ornamentation

The last three days of Creation

Days of Separation

The first three days of Creation

Decalogue

Another name for the Ten Commandments

Deism

The belief in a God that does not reveal

Delayed Eschaton

The idea that the second coming would probably not occur within the lifetime of those waiting for it, but that it would in fact occur in the future.

Destruction of Jerusalem

70 A.D.

Deuterocanonical

term meaning "second canon," It includes the Catholic Old Testament but not in the Hebrew Bible. These additions are 1 and 2 Maccabees, Judith, Tobit, Baruch, Sirach, Wisdom, and parts of Esther and Daniel

Deutero-Isaiah

Means "Second Isaiah"

Deuteronomy

Greek for "second law." 5th book of the Old Testament

Diaspora

the scattering of the Jews to countries outside of Palestine after the Babylonian captivity.

Dinah

The only daughter of Jacob who was raped

Disciple

means "student"

Divination

An example of this can be when the intestines of an animal that was cut during holocaust are thrown onto the ground and read to predict the future etc

Ecclesia

a Greek word for a community of people; also means Church

Ecclesiological

adj of ecclesiology

Ecclesiology

the theological investigation into the nature and function of the Church

Eden

a beautiful garden where Adam and Eve were placed at the Creation

Edom

Brother of Jacob. Means "red and hairy"

Edomites

The descendants of Esau

Egypt

an ancient empire west of Israel

El

Singular, masculine

El Roi

Means "God of Vision"

El Shaddai

Means "God of the Mountian"

Eliezer

Abraham's servant

Elijah

a Hebrew prophet in the Old Testament who opposed the worship of idols. He challenged the prophets of Ba'al

Elisha

a non writing prophet of the northern kingdom, carried on the mission of Elijah and performed many works of wonders and becomes known for his healing power

Elohim

hebrew word for god as "Creator"

Emmanuel

Means God is with us

Empirical

Based on faith, not science

Ephraim

Youngest son of Joseph/Zapenath-Paneah and Asenath, his name means "God has made me fruitful"

Ephrath

Another name for Bethlehem

Epistle

Means "letter"

Esau

oldest son of Isaac; twin of Jacob; his name means "red and hairy"

Eschatological

adj. form of eschatology

Eschatology

the theological investigation into the nature and function of eschaton

Eschaton

The return of Christ, the end of the world, the apocalypse, the future

Essenes

An apocalyptic group. They believed God would usher in his kingdom through a dramatic, even catastrophic event.

Eurynome

mother goddess born from chaos, in charge of all things, lays the 'Universal Egg of creation' on the ocean

Evangelion

Greek word which means "good news."

Evil

the opposite of the Good characteristic of God

Exegesis

an explanation of a text; a critical interpretation

Exegete

To criticize or explain text

Exodus 20:2

example for liberator and communal god

Exodus

departure of the Israelites from Egyptian slavery under the leadership of Moses

Experience

the accumulation of knowledge or skill that results from direct participation in events or activities

Exposure

To be kicked out of the community without food or shelter Ex. the Habiru

Extra-biblical

outside of the Bible and outside of the NT pointing to the existence of Jesus.

Ezechiel

Another major prophet. E of JEDI (JEDI being an acronym) prophet who sees a valley full of dry bones, which he sees turned into "Sons of Abraham" before his eyes

ff

sign to continue to the end of a chapter after a citation

Faith

derived from experience and reflection

Form Criticism

Type of criticism which focuses on the structure, genre etc of text

Former Prophets

Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings

Four Key Points of Isaiah

1. the king is the agent of YHWH's righteousness
2. the king has superhuman qualities
3. the king receives the spirit of YHWH to make hima virtous ruler
4. the Messianic age will be a restoration of paradise

Fulfillment Citation

the citation of OT scripture in certain passages of Matthew, where the OT is said to have been "fulfilled" in something that Jesus did or experienced.

Fundamentalism

A literal take on scripture. Also known as literalism

Gad

Seventh son of Jacob who was mothered by Zilpah

Galilee

The place in Israel where Jesus grew up.

Gen. 12: 10-20

Citation of the pericope of Abram and Sarai's time in Eygypt

Gen. 15

"I will put enmity between you and the woman, between your offspring and hers. He will strike at your head while you strike at his heel."

See More

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set