Why did Napoleon invade Russia in 1812?
Russia had violated the blockade Napoleon had established against trading with the British.
Why did Napoleon order a retreat from Russia?
The Russians set Moscow on fire which destroyed so many buildings that the French troops had no housing to protect them from the coming brutal Russian winter.
How did European monarchs take advantage of Napoleon's defeat in Russia?
AUSTRIA AND PRUSSIA BROKE THEIR ALLIANCES WITH NAPOLEON and joined an alliance with Russia and Britain TO CRUSH FRANCE.
What happened to Napoleon after his final defeat at Waterloo?
he GAVE UP THE THRONE, and the Bourbon monarchs once again took power, HE WAS SENT TO ST. HELENA.