English Study Guide

40 terms by allicat198 

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Flashcards for english exam

Simple Tenses

(there arre only three: past, present, and future) they only use the base word with a suffix or a future helper.

Walk

Simple present for walk

Walked

Simple past for walk

Will Walk

Simple future for walk

Perfect Tenses

the action has been completed. They always use the helper HAVE, HAS, or HAD. (depending on the tense) and the ending is ED always.

Have walked

Present Perfect for walk

HE has walked

present perfect for walk (remember, you have to conjugate here in a diffrent way)

Had walked

Past perfect for walk

will have walked

future perfect for walk

Subject

the subject or topic of a conversation or discussion

Predicate

tells what the subject is or does

Prepositional phrase

a phrase consisting of a preposition, a noun or pronoun that serves as the object of the preposition, and any modifiers

Direct Object

the object that receives the direct action of the verb

Indirect object

comes after the verb, but before the direct object. Names the person or thing that recieves something, or for which something is done.

Predicate Noun

is a noun that follows a linking verb. It tells what the subject is

Predicate Adjective

an adjective that follows a linking verb and modifies the subject

Adjective

describes a noun, and in diagramming is on a tilted line below the word it modifies

Adverb

A word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or adverb. It usually ends in "ly" ex: slowly

Compound Subject

two or more subjects joined together usually by "and" or "or" that share a common verb, is placed on the rocket ship/pencil while diagramming

compound verb

two or more verbs joined together by "and" or "or". it is placed on the rocket ship/pencil while diagramming.

Compound Sentence

two sentences joined together by a FANBOYS

Introduction

Needs to be exciting, hook the readers attention, States the main topic and previews the structure of the paper,

Transitions

Need to be thoughtful, connect two paraghraphs together and clearly show how they connect.

singular

(one)

plural

(more than one)

First person pronouns

I,(singular) we(plural)

Second Person Pronouns

You(singular), You(plural)

Third Person Pronouns

He, she, it, who (singular) they (plural)

Object Pronouns

cannot be conjugated they RECIEVE the action, not create (do) the action.
They cannot be put with a verb (it is incorrect to say "me went to the store")
They do have person and number, though.

You and It

both can be object or subject

Her

can be an object or it can be possessive

Possive Pronouns

her, his, its(NO APOSTROPHE), mine, my, your, yours, our, ours, their, theirs.

Principle Parts

base, past, past participle, and present participle.

Base (principle part)

uses only the simple verb form and makes the PRESENT TENSE and the FUTURE TENSE (with a helper: will or shall) (it is a principle part)

Past (principle part)

uses the simple verb with -ed (for regular verbs) OR -t, -n, -d (for irregular verbs) (it is a principle part)

Past Participle (priniple part)

uses a helper HAVE, HAS, OR HAD (depending on person and tense) and the endings -ed or -en (it is a participle)

Present Participle (principle part)

uses the helpers AM, IS, ARE, WAS, WERE, BE (Depending on person and tense) (it is a participle)

subject pronouns

usually the subject, can be used with verbs.
(, I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they)

Object pronoun

is used as a direct/indirect object in a sentence; example: Rebecca gave ME a gift.

progressive tenses

tense where the actttion is being done. ALWAYS uses am, is, are, was or were.

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