A status hierarchy in which individuals and groups are classified on the basis of esteem and prestige acquired mainly through economic success and accumulation of wealth.
Individuals are assigned at birth to the ranked social and occupational groups of their parents. A person's place in the social order is relatively fixed.
Classification of persons into groups based on shared socio-economic conditions ... a relational set of inequalities with economic, social, political and ideological dimensions.
Stratification based on income and personal possessions. According to Karl Marx, arise when one group controls the means of production.
Means of Production
Consists of the materials, such as land, machines or tools that people need to produce things.
Assumption: Social hierarchy is necessary for the smooth functioning of society. Those who assume responsibility for control are given greater rewards.
Assumption: Hierarchy exists because one group of individuals seeks to take advantage of another group for economic purposes. Marxian idea of social class: outgrowth of capitalism, not a necessary feature of modern society.
Regardless of individual intentions racial inequality continues to structure different group's access to wealth, jobs, education, health care, and so on.
Measured by economic status, gender, race, age and marital status.
Scientific "proof" that members of one race were intellectually superior to members of other races.
Cultural construction that has meaning in our lives because we invest it with meaning. It is not biological!
The dominant class projects its own way of seeing the world so that those who are subordinated by it accept it as "common sense" or "natural."