an executive order issued by Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863.
a government ban on trade with one or more other nations.
a system in which Spanish authorities granted colonial landlords the service of Native Americans as slaves/forced laborers.
an 18th-century intellectual movement that emphasized the use of reason and the scientific method as means of obtaining knowledge.
a government program such as Social Security, Medicare, or Medicaid that guarantees and provides benefits to a specific group.
a person who organizes, operates, and assumes the risk for a business venture.
a person who works to protect the environment from destruction and pollution.
Environmental Protection Agency
a federal agency established in 1970 for the regulation of water and air pollution, toxic waste, pesticides, and radiation.
Equal Rights Amendment
a proposed and failed amendment to the US Constitution that would have prohibited any government discrimination on the basis of sex.
a 363-mile-long artificial waterway connecting the Hudson River with Lake Erie, built between 1817 and 1825. Moved settlers West, exports to NY City.