Which group of people left England because they wanted to purify the English Church?
Which document introduced the idea of limited government?
Thomas Paine encouraged the American Colonies to declare their independence from Great Britain by writing whcih one of the following?
To secure religious liberties
What is one of the most important reason why Pilgrims came to America?
Was the first attempt by the colonist to resist English Law
What is sinificant feature of the Mayflower Compact?
Which colony was the first to have a written constitution?
The government will protect the life, liberty, and property of all citizens.
According to John Lockek, why do people choose to live under governmental rule?
Virginia House of Burgesses
Which of the following was the first representative government in colonial America?
Which philosopher thought that there should be a seperation between religion and government?
Taxation by Britian without representation
What was the issue or event that most directly led to the American Revolution?
Declaration of Independence
What historical document is a justification for the American Revolution?
Who was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence?
Government power comes from the consent of the governed
What statement best describes the principle underlying the Declaration of Independence?
What compromise at the Constitution Convention led to legislature that apportioned seats based on population size?
Equal representation for all states in the Senate
What is an important contribution by the New Jersey Plan to the creation of the Constitution?
Thirteen tax and trade systems
What describes the weaknesses of the new government under the Articles of Confederation?
With Essays & Newspapers
How was the continuing debate between the Federalist and Anti-Federalists conducted?
The Bill of Rights
The Anti-Federalists agreed to ratify the Constitution when which one of the following was added?
The Central government was given too much power
What was a reason why the Anti-Federalist were opposed to the Constitution
People remembered how the King of England ruled the Colonies
Why did many Americans wary of a strong central government??
What amdendment protects against unreasonable searches and seizures?
What is a characteristic of the American system of government?
What amendment allows for the forming of militias and the right to bear arms?
Articles of Confederation, Declaration of Independence, Bill of Rights, U.S. Constitution
What is the correct order of when the following documents were created (First to Last)?
What is the retained supreme power in a Democracy form of government?
What is a government ruled by religious leaders?
What is the name of a person who rules with absolute power?
What principle of the Constitution is the government only given its power by the consent of the governed represents?
Articles of Confederation
What was the first form of government for the newly independent states after the American Revolutionary War?
What are the powers that are shared between the Federal Government and other governments (state, local)?
What are the primary responsible that divorce laws, elections, and education held on?
A vote by both houses of Congress
What is a way to propose an amendment to the United States Constitution?
They wanted the Constitution to be able to change, but only if it was widely agreed upon
Why did the framers of the Constitution make amending the Constitution so difficult?
Marburty v. Madison
What court case decided the process of Judicial Review in the United States Supreme Court?
McCollum v. Marilyn
What case illustrated how federal law supersedes state law?
What political party supports this during an election?
What best describes someone who is to the right on the political ideology spectrum?
What term best describes a "Middle of the Road" political ideology?
What normally describes the political party system in the United States?
A National Convention
During the summer of a presidential year, party delegates from across the United States take part in an event where they gather together. What is the name of this event?
It is based on the total number of a state's population, according to the most recent census
How is the number of electoral voters allotted to each state?
What election between candidates from opposing parties for the purpose of choosing one of them to hold a public office is called what?
Whichever candidate wins a majority vote in the most states win.
What statement BEST describes how the President of the United States is elected?
To persuade lawmakers to pass laws in the best interest of their group
What is the main purpose of lobbying?
Interest groups have too much influence
What do critics of interest groups claim?
Provided an example of a representative form of government
Why is the Virginia House of Burgesses important to the develpment of democracy in the thirteen colonies?
Who is responsible for reconciling differences in alternate versions of a bill created in the House of Representatives and in the Senate?
Checks and Balances
The President ability tio veto a law passed by Congress is an example of?
A bill is a draft of a law. The law is a passed bill.
What best describes the relationship between a bill and a law?
Both houses of Congress must pass an identical version of the bill.
What must occur before Congress can send a bill to the President for approval?
Two thirds majority
What does Congress require to pass it?
Lobbyists act on behalf of narrowly tailored special interests, and thus advace agendas that may not be best for the larger community
What is a common complaint against influence of lobbyists in government?
Voting in American Democracy is legally what?
"Out of many, one"
What does the Latin Phrase "E Pluribus Unum" translate into?
Divine Right Theory
Theory of Government in which leaders are to believe to be chosen by God due to Royal birth is called?
Evolutionary & Divine Right
What 2 theories might be used to explain the origins of Japan, which has an emperor typically chosen from the same familial lines?
Thomas Hobbs wrote that humans lived in unbridled freedoms in a state of nature. This forms the basis for which theory?
In a Presidential system like the United States, the Executive is chosen by the people. However, in a Parliamentary systerm the Executive is chosen by?
balanced by societal and governmental rules
"Must a government of necessity be too strong for the liberties of its own people, or too weak to maintain its own existence" Individual freedom in a democracy can best be described as?
A respect for the equality of all persons
In the Gettysburg Address, President Lincoln said the United States was "conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal". Which of the foundations of democracy best describes this quote?
To limit the power of the monarchy
From the English Bill of Rights, "That it is the right of the subjects to petition the king.... and that prosecutions for such petitioning are illegal" What was Parliaments primary concern in writing the English Bill of Rights?
Right to a trial by Jury
Article 39 of the Magna Carta, "No free man shall be seized or imprisoned, or in any way destroyed; nor will we condemn him to prison except by legal judgment of his peers, or by the laws of the land." What basic American right has its origins from this passag?
Declaration of Independence
Richard Henry lee wrote on June 7th, 1776 that, "that these United States colonies are, and of right ought to be free and independent states. That they are absolved from all allegiance to the British Crown." This led to what?
Articles of Confederation
The following passage was meant to address what problems? "at Philadelphia, to take into consideration the situation of the United States to devise such further provisions shall appear to them necessary to render the constitution of the Federal Government adequate to the exigencies of the Union"
By basing representation in the houses on population or monetary support, it favored the larger states
The smaller states might have found the Virginia Plan too radical because?
Is a threat when powers are not separated among the branches of government.
From Federalist paper #47. "The accumulation of all powers, legislature, executive, and judiciary, in the same hands, whether one, a few, or many.... the very definition of tyranny." From this passage, what did James Madison believed about Tyranny?
In the new US Constitution, the increased powers of the Federal Government, and the lack of the Bill of Rights were common complaints of?
In Federalist #78, James Madison wrote "Independent judges would prove to be essential safeguard against the effects of occasional ill humors in society" Which principle best reflects this quote?
"The powers not delegated to the US by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states and the people" 10th Amendment. This established what principle?
enact uniform marriage and divorce laws
What is not a power of the federal government?
People live together and agreeing to live by the will of the majority
John Lock stated "when any number of men have, by the consent or every individual, made a community, they have thereby made that community one body, with power to act as one body, which is only by the will and determination of the majority" What does he mean?
Amendment process is very difficult
From proposal to ratification, the shortest amount of time for an Amendment to pass is 3 months. Many Amendments took several years to pass. What statment best addresses this?
The Presidents job is very complex
A professor at Harvard University said this about the american Presidency, "Unlike other democracie, we ask our country's leader to do two jobs simultaneously, to act both as head of government and as the symbol of the nation." What statement best reflects this quote?
22nd Amendment & FDR
"No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice" What Amendment is this from, and is response to which President?
Speaker of the House
"In case of removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the vice-president shall become the President" Who is next in line of Succession?
Usually only the Senate will confirm the candidate
According to the 25th Amendment "whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice-President, the President shall nominate and he shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both houses of Congress" How is this process different from all other Presidential nominations
The office of VP places few demands on the person who fills it.
Former VP under FDR once said this about his time as Vece-President "A woman once had two sons, one went off the sea, one became Vice-President. Neither was see again." What statement best reflects this quote?
Candidates are very vague and offer little substances
A Presidential platform is what he stands on, his beliefs, his opinion on all the issues. Former Presidential Candidate Barry Goldwater once said this; "Platforms are written to be ignored and forgotten. Like Jell-O, there is usually little substance and nothing you can sink your teeth into." What is Goldwater saying?
From James Madison notes at the Constitution Convention "consider the executive magistracy as nothing more than an institution for carrying the will of the legislature into effect, he ought to be appointed by and accountable to the Legislature." This sounds as if Madison was originally in favor what type of executive?
The Presidency is becoming to powerful
What statement best reflects William Howard Taft's view of the Presidency? "My judgement is that the view of Mr. Roosevelt, ascribing an undefined residum of power to the President is an unsafe doctrine. The true view of the Executive function is, as I conceive it, that the President can exercise no power which cannot be fairly supported and expressed in the Constitution".
The oath of office is, "I do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States". Who administers this oath to the President?
Presidents have various means of using this role to carry out their other goals.
One of the many roles of the President is Commander in Chief. What passage is the most accurate?
Article II Section II states "Grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the United States". This Power of the Presidency is a check on whom?
Checks and Balances
James Madison said this in Federalist #51, "You must first enable the government to control the governed, and in the next place oblige it to control itself". Which American principle is he speaking in support of?
Which of the following titles may be used only in association with agencies of Cabinet Rank?
From Article I "All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and the House of Representatives" This passage established what type of legislature?
Seperation of Powers
James Madison wrote in Federalist #51; "In a republican government, the legislative authority necessarily predominates. The remedy for the inconvenincy is to divide the legislature into different branches". What principle did James Madison promote?
The 20th Amendment states "Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3rd day of January". On what day is the Presidential inauguration?
Occur in non-presidential
Off year or mid term elections are?
Advantage of the longer Senate
"Besides the House of Reps which runs on all fours with popular sentiment, we should have a body like the Senate which may refuse to run with at all when it seems to be wrong. A body which has time and security enough to keep its head". President Woodrow Wilson was speaking in support of?
Members of Congress are so busy dealing with public requests that they don't have time for their primary roles as legislators.
"A congressman has become an expanded messenger boy, it is getting harder every day to find time to properly study legislation, the very business we are primarily here to disharge and that must be done above all things". What is the main point of the passage?
A low tax on imported goods to encourage their purchase by Americans
One expressed power to congress in Article I Section 8 is the protective tariff, "To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts, and excises, to pay the debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United States". What is a protective tariff?
"To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers and all other powers vested by this Constitution". What Constitutional power did this clause establish?
Draft Americans into the military
An expressed power in the US Constitution is to raise and maintain an army and Navy. What would be an implied power from this clause?
An implied power for the Federal Government is to regulate and limit immigration. This comes from what expressed power?
President of the US
Article II states "He shall from time to time give the Congress information on the state of the Union" Who is the "He" the constitution is referring to?
He/she is from the same party as the majority party of the senate
When will the Vice-President have the most influence as president of the Senate?
Reflections of the philophies of the European Enlightenment
We hold these the truths to be self-evident: That all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights; that amoung these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness;...." he basic ideas in the Declaration of Independence were
House of Representatives
The authors of the United States Constititution believed that the voice of the people should be heard frequently. Which part of the Government was instituted to respond most directly to the will of the people
Jailed for an extended period without a hearing before a judge.
The constituitional guarentee of the writ of Habeas Corpus makes it unlawful for a citizen of the United States to be
explain and justify why the America colonist revolted against their mother country
The primary purpose of the United States Declaration of Independence is to
Cases that reach the United States Supreme Court from lower courts are generally cases that concern
statement of rules and procedures for government
The United States Constitution is best described as
protect the people from abuse by the Federal Government
The purpose of addingd States the Bill of Rights to the United States Consitution was to
balance of power between state and national governments
Which issue discussed at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 continues to be a major concern in the United States?
Determine the number of Representatives each state will have in congress
According to the United States Constitution, a nationwide census is conducted every 10 years in order to
common law legal system
In the 18th century, the Brititsh colonies in North America were most similar to Great Britian in their
congress depended on the states for men and money to support an army
A major problem of the government under the Articles of Confederation was that the
a state levying a tax on products from another state
Which action would be unconstitutional?
Declaration of Independence
The right of the people to overthrow a tyrannical government is a main theme of which document
equal protection clause of the fourteenth amendment
Which provision of the United State Constitution would a group most likely use as the basis for bringing legal action to end discriminatory practices?
helped persuade some states to ratify the constitution
One reason for the importance of the Federalist Papers in United States history is that these writings
Organized Prayer in public schools is prohibited
Which fact best illustrates seperation of church and state in the United States?
the language of the Constitution allows for a variety of interpritations
The United States Constitution has survived for more than 200 years primarily because
representation of large and small states in Congress
At the Constitutional Convention of 1787, which issue was resolved by the Great Compromise
guarantee individual civil and political rights
The purpose of most of the amendments to the United States Constitution is to
A respect for individual rights
Which characteristic is most essential ton a democratic society?
difference in the function of the public and private sectors of the economy
Which action is most consistant witht he practices of the seventeeth century mercantilism?
Anti-Federalists critisized the United States Constitution primarily because the governing power was concentrates in the...
fear of concentration of power in national government
The most serious weakness of the Articles of Cofederation was brought about by the authors'
decisions of the United States Supreme Court
In the United States, informing suspects of their legal rights during an arrest procedure is required as a result of...
a member of the House of Representatives
According to the original United States Constitution, before the addititon of amendements, which federal official was to be directly elected by the voters?
In the United States, only the Federal Government has the power to ...
restrict the power of the Supreme Curt
The elastic clause was included in the United States Constitution to
limit the central government's opportunities to infringe upon the people's liberties.
A major intention of the framers of the Srticles of Confederation was to
government under law and the consent of the governed
The ideals of the Athenian State, Roman law, and the Mayflower Compact contributed most significantly to the growth of the principles of...
help select part candidates
In the United States, the most significant way that political parties primaries have helped to increase public interest in the political process is by enabling voters to...
contributed to the development of representative democracy
The Virginia House of Burgesses and the Mayflower Compact had a similat effect in that both...
two term limit in office
Which feature of the Presidency is a result of a consitutional amendment?
Division of power between a national governmment and state governments
federalism is best described as the
Marybury vs. Madison
Which Supreme Court case established Judicial Review?
Miranda vs. Arizona
Which Supreme Court case supported the 5th Amendment during interrogation?
Dred Scott vs. Sanford
Which Supreme Court case established that slaves are not citizens of the U.S.?
Plessy vs. Ferguson
Which Supreme Court case legalized segregation "Separate but Equal?"
Brown vs. BOE(Board of Education)
Which Supreme Court case ended segregation in schools?
Gideon vs. Wainwright
Which Supreme Court case guarenteed 6th amendment right to a lawyer?
U.S. vs. Nixon
Which Supreme Court case established that there was no such thing as "Executive Privledge?"
Hazelwood vs. Kuhlmeier
Which Supreme Court case established that the 1st amendment does not always apply in schools?
Tinker vs. Des Moines
Which Supreme Court case established that free expression is part of the first amendment?
Roe vs. Wade
Which Supreme Court case supported the right to privacy and free choice?
New Jersey vs. TLO
Which Supreme Court case supported 4th amendment in schools?
McCulloch vs. Maryland
Which Supreme Court case established Federal banks and Enumerated Power?
The first system of law in the U.S.
What did the Mayflower Compact do?
Set up funding for the Continental Army
The first Continental Congress did what?
a way to narrow down fields of candidates
What is a primary?
House of Representatives
The authors of the U.S. Constitution believed that the voice of the people should be heard frequently. Which part of the government was instituted to respond most directly to the will of the people?
The President to veto a bill passed by Congress
System of Checks and Balances is best illustrated by the power of?
Nominiate candidates for public office and conduct campaigns.
The major role of political parties in the U.S. is to
created a national government having three branches
One way in which the U.S. Consitution differed from the Articlesof Confederation was that the Constitution
a division of power between the national and state governments
One way in which the authors of the Constitution tried to create :limited government" was by providing for...
The Constitution may be adapted to meet changing conditions
The elastic clause, the amending process, and judicial reviwe are all methods by which
both national and state governments exist within the nation.
The U.S. government is consideed a federal system because
infulence legislation on behalf of special interest groups
The main purpose of lobbying is to
Delegates' votes at a national party convention
two major political parties make their final selection of Presidential candidate through
The U.S. Constitution grats certain powers only to the Federal Government. for example, only Congress can declare war. These powers are called
In the U.S. Government, members of the cabinet are directly responsible to the
tremendous differences exist from state to state in the application of capital punishment laws
The equal protection clause of the 14th amendment has been used to challenge the death penalty on the grounds that
plan of union for the original 13 states
Articles of Confederation are best described as a
agreed to by a joint conference committee of both houses
In the U.S. Congress, differences between Senate and House of Representatives versions of a bill are usually resolved by accepting the version that is
A strong central government threatens the rights of the people and the states
Which idea had a major influence on the authors of th Articles of Confederation?
protect individual liberties against abuse by the Federal Government
The reason why the Bill of rights was added to the U.S. Constitution was to
All laws should apply equally to all persons
In the U.S's history, the phrase " a government of laws, not of men" has been use to express the idea that
Consent of the governed
Which concept from the Europeon Enlightenment was included in the United States Constitution?
Representation in Congress
Delegates to the Constitutional Convention of 1787 adopted the Great Compromise to settle differences over
ratification of the U.S. Constitution
Federalist Paperswere a series of newspaper articles published in 1787 and 1788 to win support for the
have too much influence on government
major objection to many lobbying groups is that they
Powers of government needed to be able to adapt change
The inplied powers suggested by the United States Consitution show that the writers recognized the
includes the elastic clause
One reason the United States Consitution is considered a flexible document is that it
Representatives are elected by the people
A republican form of government is described as one in which
In writing the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson was influences most by Locke's idea of
Interpret the Constitution
The Supreme Court has the power to
Rights of Self-Expression
The first amendment of the Consitution deals primarily with
Congress could not pass a law depriving territorial residents of their property
The Dred Scott decision on the issue of slavery upheld the Southern viewpoint that