a reduction in a country's ability to wage war, achieved by disbanding its armed forces and prohibiting it from acquiring weapons.
Name for parliament in Japan
Liberal Democratic Party
monopolized Japanese government from its formation in 1955 to the 1990s; largely responsible for the economic reconstruction of Japan
Name the West labeled the Japanese; close coordination of Japanese government and business for promotion of economic growth and export expansion.
Document that tried to limit pollution
small Asian countries that are economically competing worldwide
Chiang Kai shek
a military officer who succeeded Sun-Yat-sen as the leader of the Guomingdang or Nationalist Party in China in the mid 1920s; became the most powerful leader in CHina in the early 1930s, but his Nationalist forces were defeated and driven from China by the Communists after WWII
Nationalist political party founded on democratic principles by Sun Yat-sen in 1912. After 1925, the party was headed by Chiang Kai-shek, who turned it into an increasingly authoritarian movement
Lee Kuan Yew
Ruler of SIngapore from independence in 1959 through three decades; est tightly controlled authoritarian government; ruled through People's Action party to suppress political diversity
communist leader in China, advocated rural reform and role of peasantry in Nationalist revolution; influenced by Li Dazhao
A brief period in China (1956) when Mao Zedong directed that freedom of expression and individualism be allowed; it was quashed when violent criticism of the regime erupted.
Great Leap Forward
Program to revitilize the economy by industralizing the countryside
Campaign in China ordered by Mao Zedong to purge the Communist Party of his opponents and instill revolutionary values in the younger generation
One of the more pragmatic, least ideological of the major Communist leaders of China; joined the party as a young man in the 1920s, survived the legendary Long MArch and persecution during the Cultural Revolution of the 1970s, and emerged as China's most influential leader in the early 1980s
Act in China that allows people to have only 1 child in the city and 2 children in the countryside.
Militia units formed by young Chinese people in 1966 in response to Mao Zedong's call for a social and cultural revolutions
Little Red Book
A book circulated throughout China during the reign of Mao Zedong, which contained his political philosophy for China. It was required reading in all schools.
Site in Beijing where Chinese students and workers gathered to demand greater political openness in 1989. The demonstration was crushed by Chinese military with great loss of life.
relaxation of tensions between the United States and its major Communist rival, the Soviet Union
The 39th President of the United States (1977-1981), who is credited with establishing energy-conservation measures, concluding the Panama Canal treaties (1978), and negotiating the Camp David accords between Egypt and Israel (1979). He won the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize.
(president) 40th republican with a strong anti-communist view. influenced fall of communism. talked with gorbachev to end Cold War
USSR ruler after 1985; renewed attacks on Stalinism; urged reduction in nuclear armament; proclaimed policies of glasnot and perestroika
"openness"; freedom to criticize the government
a policy of government and economic reform in Soviet Union in the mid-1980s
nuclear power plant in Russia that had an explosion in 1986 & released radioactive materials into the air
an alliance made up of states that had been Soviet Socialist Republics in the Soviet Union prior to its dissolution in Dec 1991
1995 peace agreement ending the war over the former Yugoslavia, b/t Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Serbia
Polish trade union created in 1980 to protest working conditions and political repression. It began the nationalist opposition to communist rule that led in 1989 to the fall of communism in eastern Europe. (p. 863)
The trend toward increased cultural and economic connectedness between people, businesses, and organizations throughout the world.