Anatomy and Biomechanics

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The C- shaped cartilages of the trachea allow all of the following to occur EXCEPT

Cilated movement of mucus-secreting cells.

Functions of bone include all of the following EXEPT

Production of force

In the organization of skeletal muscle, the muscle cell contains the contractile proteins. Which of the following is a contractile protein?

Myosin

A client in your excersize class has been complaining of back paine with no radicular symptoms. This person has been treated medically and is now joining the excersise program to improve flexibility in the low back. which excersise would b most appropriate for this person to address the stated goal?

Knee to chest stretch.

All of the following statements are true regarding long bones EXEPT

Most bones of the axial skeleton are of this type.

The arm is capable of performing all of the following motions EXEPT:

Inversion.

The prime movers for extension of the knee are the:

quadriceps femoris.

Cartilage is categorized as which of the following types of connective tissue?

supporting .

Blood leaving the heart to be oxygenated in the lungs must first pass through the right atrium and ventrical. Through which valve does blood flow when moving from the right atrium to the right ventricle?

Tricuspid valve

An abnormal curve of the spine with lateral deviation of the vertebral column is called

Scoliosis.

Which of the following is considered to be a ball and socket joint?

Hip.

Which of the following is the ability of a force to cause rotation of a lever?

Torque.

Standard sites for the measurement of skinfolds include the:

Biceps

A standard site for the measurement of circumferences is the:

Abdomen.

The most common site used for the measurement of the pulse during exercise is the:

Radial

Blood from the peripheral anatomy flows to the heart through the superior and inferior venae cavae into the:

Right atrium.

Arteries are large-diameter vessels that carry blood away from the heart. As they course through the body, they progressively decrease in size until they become:

Arterioles.

The law of inertia:

States that a body at rest tends to remain at rest, whereas a body in motion tends to continue to stay in motion with consistent speed and in the same direction unless acted on by an outside force.

Running is a locomotor activity similar to walking but with some differences. In comparison to walking, running requires greater:

Balance, muscle strenght and range of motion

Who first described that a body immersed in fluid is buoyed up with a force equal to the weight of the displaced fluid?

Archimedes.

Which of the following bones articulates proximally with the sternal manubrium and distally with the scapula ans is helpful to palpate in electrode placement?

Clavicle.

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the "power position" used for lifting with proper body mechanics?

Shoulders Slouched.

The intervertebral disks have which of the following characteristics?

Gelationous inner nucleus portion.

Which of the following will increase stability?

Lowering the center of gravity.

Which type of musculoskeletal lever is most common?

Third class.

Angular motion occurs when:

A force is applied off-center to a freely moveable object.

In a second-class lever, the:

The resistance is located between the effort force and the axis.

Slapping oof the foot during heel strike and increased knee and hip flexion during swing are characteristics of:

Weakness in the dorsiflexors.

Which of the following is characteristic of running versus walking?

Period of nonsupport.

The rear-foot motion called pronation results from a combination of:

Abduction, eversion, dorsiflexsion.

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