ch 13 POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT

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appropriation

a designed amount of public funds set aside to support a particular project or program

capitalism

an economic system, individuals and corporations own businesses

disenfranchise

to deprive an individual of the rights to vote

conservative

favors state and local government

electoral college

a body that officially elects the U.S. president and vice president

entitlement

a law or policy requiring payment of government funds to specific groups

expenditures

federal spending of money

impeachment

the process of changing an elected official with improper conduct

incumbent

a person who curently holds a political office

lame duck

an elected official who has not been, or cennot be, reelected

left wing

a liberal or ultraliberal portion of a group

liberal

a person who favors governmental action to achieve equal opportunity for all

lobbying

an attempt to influence a government official made by an individual or group representative

pacifism

is the belief that war and violence cannot solve problems

patronage

awarding a job contract as apolitical favor

revenues

financial resources of the government

referendum

a process that allows voters to approve or disapprove legislation

right wing

a conservative or ultraconservative portion of a group

socialism

an economic system in which business are owned by the government

veto

the power of the U.S. president to reject a bill proposed by Congress

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