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Alliteration

use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse.

Allusions

a reference in a literary work to a person, place, or thing in history or another work of literature

Aside

a message that departs from the main subject

Assonance

the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words

blank verse

unrhymed verse (usually in iambic pentameter)

characterization

acting the part of a character on stage

Climax

the moment of most intense pleasure in sexual intercourse

consonance

the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words

dialogue

a literary composition in the form of a conversation between two people

direct Characterization

author directly describes character

drama

a dramatic work intended for performance by actors on a stage

dramatic irony

(theater) irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play

end rhymes

rhymes at the end of lines

exposition

a systematic interpretation or explanation (usually written) of a specific topic

external conflict

a problem or struggle between a character and someone or something outside of the character

falling action

events after the climax, leading to the resolution

fiction

a literary work based on the imagination and not necessarily on fact

first person point of view

a character in the story is actually telling the story himself/herself

flashback

a transition (in literary or theatrical works or films) to an earlier event or scene that interrupts the normal chronological development of the story

foreshadowing

the act of providing vague advance indications

free verse

unrhymed verse without a consistent metrical pattern

hyperbole

extravagant exaggeration

iambic pentameter

a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable

imagery

the ability to form mental images of things or events

indirect characterization

the character is revealed through their personality, appearance, words, actions, and effect on others

internal conflict

a struggle between opposing needs, desires, or emotions within a single character

irony

incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs

metaphor

a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity

meter

any of various measuring instruments for measuring a quantity

mood

a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling

narrator

someone who tells a story

nonfiction

prose writing that is not fictional

personification

representing an abstract quality or idea as a person or creature

plot

the story that is told in a novel or play or movie etc.

poetry

any communication resembling poetry in beauty or the evocation of feeling

point of view

the spatial property of the position from which something is observed

prolouge

preface; introductory part

prose

ordinary writing as distinguished from verse

puns

a play on words

repetition

the act of doing or performing again

resolution

finding a solution to a problem

rhyme

a piece of poetry

rhyme scheme

the pattern of rhyme in a poem

rhytm

is the pattren of stressed and unstressed syllables in spoken or written language

rising action

events leading up to the climax

setting

arrangement of scenery and properties to represent the place where a play or movie is enacted

simile

a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')

situational irony

occurs when the outcome of a work is unexpected, or events turn out to be the opposite from what one had expected

soliloquy

a (usually long) dramatic speech intended to give the illusion of unspoken reflections

speaker

electro-acoustic transducer that converts electrical signals into sounds loud enough to be heard at a distance

stage directions

The specific instructions a playwright includes concerning sets, characterization, delivery, etc.

stanzas

groups of lines in a poem

suspense

an uncertain cognitive state

symbol

something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible

theme

a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work

third person point of view

someone on the outside is looking in and telling the story as he/she see it unfold.

tragedy

drama in which the protagonist is overcome by some superior force or circumstance

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