Capital of the Aztec Empire, located on an island in Lake Texcoco. Its population was about 150,000 on the eve of Spanish conquest. Mexico City was constructed on its ruins. (p. 305)
first major metropolis in Mesoamerica, collapsed around 800 CE. It is most remembered for the gigantic "pyramid of the sun and moon
the first major South American civilization, which flourished in the highlands of what is now Peru from about 900 to 200 B.C.
Civilization of north coast of Peru (200-700 C.E.). An important Andean civilization that built extensive irrigation networks as well as impressive urban centers dominated by brick temples. (p. 313)
culture that thrived in the Andean region from about 200 B.C. to A.D. 600. They etched geoglyphs-a figure or line made on earth's surface by clearing away rocks and oil- in the desert including straight lines that run for miles as well as giant birds, whales, and other animals.
Along with Tihuanaco, large center for regional chiefdoms between 300 and 900 CE; located in southern Peru; featured large ceremonial center supported by extensive irrigated agriculture; established widely diffused religious and artistic symbols spread all over Andean zone
PACHACUTI INCA YUPANQUI
skilled warrior and leader that proclaimed himself Sapa Inca, or emperor. He set out a campaign of conquest from his small kingdom at Cuzco. Once he subdued neighboring peoples, he enlisted them in his armies
in Incan society, a small community or family group whose members worked together for the common good of the peoples.