a group of related words that is used as single part of speech and that does not contain both a verb and its subject
includes the presosition, the object of the preposition, and any modifiers of that object
a prepositional phrase that modifies a noun or a pronoun
example of a adjective phrase
We ordered a dish OF SALSA and a basket OF TORTILLA CHIPS.
a prepositional phrase that modofies a verb, adjective, or an averb
example of a adverb phrase
The mole burrowed UNDER THE LAWN.
consists of a participle and any modifiers or complements the participle has
example of the participle phrase
CLIMBING THE TREE, the monkey disappeared into the branches
a verb form that ends in -ing and that is used as a noun
example of a gerund
READING will imporve your vocabulary
consists of a gerund and any modifiers or complements the gerund has
example of a gerund phrase
THE SUDDEN SHATTERING OF GLASS broke the silence.
a verb for that can be used as a noun, a adjective, or an adverb
example of an infinitive
His dream is TO TRAVEL.
consists of an infinitive and any modifiers or complements the infinitive has
example of an infinitive phrase
TO HIT A CURVEBALL SOLIDLY is very difficult.
a noun or pronoun places beside another noun or pronoun to identify or describe it
consists of an appositive and any modifiers it has
example of an appositive phrase
The Vescuzos live on Milner Lane, A WIDE STREET LINED WITH BEECH TREES.
a word group that contains a verb and its subject and that is sued as a sentence or as part of a sentence
expresses a completet thought and can stand by itself as a sentence
example of a indepenedent clause
The outfielders (S) missed (V) easy fly balls.
does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence
example of a subordinate clause
The woman WHOM WE SPOKE TO YESTERDAY told us about sources of financial aid for college applicants.
a subordinate clause that modifies a noun or pronoun
example of a adjective clause
I am now reading this book, WHICH IS A HISTORICAL NOVEL ABOUT THE IRISH RECOLT OF 1789.
common relative pronouns USED IN ADJECTIVE PHRASES
who, whom, whose, which, that
a subordinate clause that modifies a verb, adjective, or an adverb
example of an adverb clause
Donna saounds AS IF SHE HAS CAUGHT A COLD.
common subordinating conjunctions USED IN ADVERB PHRASES
after, although, as, as if, as long as, as soon as, as though, because, before, even though, if, in order that, once, provided that, since, so that, than, though, unless, until, when, whenever, where, whereever, whether, while, why
a subordinate clause that is used as a noun
example of a noun clause
subject: WHAT I NEED is my own room.
pn: The happiest time in my life was WHEN WE WENT TO COSTA RICA FOR THE SUMMER.
do: She believes THAT LOST TIME IS NEVER FOUND AGAIN.
io: We will give WHOEVER WINS THE CONTEST a prize
op: She has written an article about HOW SHE WAS ELECTED TO THE SENATE.
common introductory words FOR NOUN CLAUSES
how, that, what, whatever, when, where, whether, which, whichever, who, whoever, whom, whomever, whose, why
contains one independent clause and no subordinate clauses
example of a simple sentence
Cora (S) and Kareem (S) bought (V) party supplies at the mall.
contains two or more independent cluases and no subordinate clauses
example of a compound sentence
Cora (S) hunt (V) colorful streamers from the ceiling, and Kareem (S) set (V) party favors on the tables.
contains one independent clause and at least one subordinate clause
example of a complex sentence
When they (S) had finished (V) thier work, they (S) compliemented (V) each other on the results.
contains tow or more independent clauses and at least one subordinate clause
example of a compound-complex sentence
Cora (S) waited (V) for just the right moment to ask Kareem tot he banquet, and he (S) promptly accepted (V) her invitation, adding that he (S) had been (HV) planning (V) to ask her.
So soon forsaken? Young men's love then lies/ Not truly in their hearts, but in their eyes.
What's in a name? That which we call a rose/ By any other name would smell as sweet.
No, sir, I do not bite my thumb at you, sit; but i bight my thumb, sir
Compare her face with some that I shall show,/ And I will make thee think thy swan a crow.
What, drawn, and talk of peace? I hate the word/ As I hate hell, all MOntagues, and thee,
Good KIng of Cats, nothing but one of your nine lives.
But soft! What light younder window breaks?/ It is the Eastm and Juliet is the sun!
What, goodman boy! I say he shall. Go to!/ Am I the master here, or you? Go to!
A crutch, a crutch! Why call you for a sword?
But he that hath the steerage of my course/ Direct my said! On, lusty gentlemen!
Benvolio is a friend of Tybalt
Mercutio is a relative of the Prince
Juliet is 16 years old
Rome is recognized by Lady Capulet at the Capulet feast
Prince Escalus decrees that further fighting will result in banishment
Romeo takes up residence in Mantua when he is banished
Friar John marries Romeo and Juliet
Romeo doesnt get Friars message because there is a plague
Juliets dead body (coma) is discovered by the nurse
Mercutio believes dreams are brought by the Sandman
The letter "O" is common to the Capulets
One of Juliets fears before she drinks Friars potion is that it wont work
The good thaings that happen during the play happen at night
Three of the Princces kinsmen die thorought the cource of the play
Red is the color most associated with the Montagues
a noun, pronoun, or word group that tells who or what recieves the action of a transitive verb or shows the result of the action
example of a direct object
I took my little SISTER to the movie Mulan.
a noun, pronoun, or word group that often appears in sentences containing direct objects. An indirect object tells to whom or to what the action of a transitive verb is done
example of a indirect object
meli read US her poem
the main word or word group that tells whom or what the sentence is about
A sonnet is simply a poem written in a certain format:::::::::: 14 lines, a srtict rhyme scheme, its written in Iambic Pentameter
an utterance or discourse by a person who is talking to himself or herself or is disregardful of or oblivious to any hearers present (often used as a device in drama to disclose a character's innermost thoughts)