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The ___ ruled much of Asia in the 1200s and 1300s.

Mongols

___ was the center of the first Russian state.

Kiev

___ was the Byzantine emperor who collected the laws of ancient Rome.

Justinian

The greatest emperor of Mali was ___.

Mansa Musa

The ___ were the great warrior lords of Japan.

Daimyo

Mongol armies called the ___ ruled much of medieval Russia.

Golden Horde

In some ancient African societies, parents and children lived and worked together as a unit, forming a ___.

Nuclear family

Different households who claim a common ancestor belong to the same ___.

Lineage

The common language of ___, is responsible for the spoken word throughout Africa.

Banta

The powerful chieftain ___ began the Mongol conquest of China.

Genghis Khan

Architecture that featured pointed arches and tall spires.

Gothic

Anglo-French conflict fought over French land and the succession to the French crown

Hundred Years' War

Expeditions to regain the Holy Land from the Muslims

Crusades

period in the papacy during which two competing popes each claimed to be the supreme spiritual authority of the church

Great Schism

period in the papacy during which the papal seat was in Avignon, France

Babylonian Captivity

architecture that features low horizontal lines, few windows, and looked stately

Ronanesque

T or F: Joan of Arc was a national hero and deserved to die at the hands of the Protestants

false

T or F: The Children's Crusades were highly successful

false

T or F: Mounted knights were no longer an effective military unit after the Hundred Years War

true

T or F: Scholasticism is the thought of bringing together science reasoning and faith to make the world a better place

true

T or F: University means a gathering of people

true

T or F: An epidemic is an outbreak of a rapid-spreading disease

true

T or F: The Japanese practiced both Hinduism and Buddhism

false

T or F: Rice is the basic food of the Chinese

true

T or F: The Japanese Emperor today is a descendant from the first emperor

true

T or F: The capital city of the Byzantine empire was called Istanbul

false

T or F: The Byzantine Empire was stronger, wealthier, and less corrupt than the western part of the Roman Empire

true

Which weapon was not a result of the Crusades?

halberd

The city of Constantinople was in a key location on the strait that links the Mediterranean Sea with the ___.

Black Sea

Science made little real progress in Europe in the Middle Ages because ___.

science was considered to be related to magic and witchcraft

What was an effect of the Black Death?

there were large increases in wages and prices throughout Europe

When camels were brought to Africa, trade increased across the ___.

Sahara

What is a key belief or duty of Islam?

Each Muslim should make a pilgrimage to Mecca.

Who held most of the power in Japanese feudal society?

the shogun

China under the Tang dynasty ___.

halted military expansion to focus on domestic issues

Under the Tang and Song dynasties, China's two main classes were ___.

the gentry and the peasantry

Because of its geographical location, Korea has been strongly influenced by the culture and traditions of ___.

China

The city of Constantinople ___.

commanded key trade routes linking Europe and Asia

Everyday speech that varies from place to place

vernacular

form of Japanese ceremonial suicide

seppuku

wrote the Inferno

Dante

where Roman law and canon law were taught

Bologna

wrote the Canterbury Tales

Chaucer

association of merchants or craftspeople

guild

killed millions of people

Bubonic plague

feeling of loyalty to the country as a whole

patriotism

Italian merchant who visited Kublai Khan

Marco Polo

teacher at Oxford who attacked the church

Wycliffe

T or F: Tsar is the same thing as Czar.

true

T or F: Ivan the Great freed his country from the rule of the Chinese.

false

a religious group that has broken away from an established church

sect

wrote a guide for rulers on how to gain and keep power

Niccolo Machiavelli

a government run by religious leaders

theocracy

proposed a heliocentric model of the universe

Nicholaus Copernicus

an artist who made sketches of flying machines centuries before the first airplane

Leonardo da Vinci

showed that gravity keeps planets in orbit

Isaac Newton

started a printing revolution

Johann Gutenberg

the idea that God long ago decided who would be saved and who would not

predestination

the city that produced many Renaissance artists and scholars with the support of the Medici family

Flanders

a thriving trading region where the northern Renaissance began

Flanders

One way that Renaissance artists reflected the new ideas of humanism was by painting ___.

well-known people of the day

What major theme of the northern Renaissance did Albrecht Durer's engravings portray?

religious upheaval

The Swiss city-state of Geneva became a model of Protestant morality under the leadership of ___.

John Calvin

What resulted from the Peace of Augsburg in 1555?

Each German prince could decide the religion for his lands.

Anabaptists believed that infants should not be baptized because ___.

infants are too young to accept the Christian faith

Humanist scholars differed from medieval thinkers in that humanists ___.

tended to focus more on worldly subjects

Sir Thomas More was executed because he ___.

would not accept Henry VIII as head of the Church in England

The purpose of the Council of Trent was to ___.

direct the reform of the Catholic Church

Unlike Francis Bacon, Rene Descartes believed that the best road to understanding was through ___.

human reasoning

In the 1600s, Robert Boyle's work transformed the field of ___.

chemistry

T or F: Martin Luther's original intent with his theses was to create a new church

false

T or F: The Roman Catholic Church was a model of Christian love and treated all of its believers faithfully

false

T or F: The popes were great feudal lords and sometimes went to battle to protect their lands

true

T or F: John Wycliffe was burned at the stake for his outspoken criticism of the Church

false

T or F: Martin Luther was a Roman Catholic Bishop when he spoke out against the abuses of the Church

false

T or F: The 95 theses were pounded on the door of a church so there would be so much noise to attract the attention of all the people

false

T or F: The 95 theses were all made up falsehoods by Martin Luther

false

T or F: Johann Tetzel was one of the best salesman the Roman Catholic Church had

true

T or F: Indulgences were an easy way to heaven.

false

T or F: Holy Roman Emperor Charles V sided with the pope in his persecution of Luther.

true

T or F: The word Protestant was used to describe the people that opposed the Roman Catholic Church.

true

T or F: All the people who supported Luther did so on the basis of faith.

false

T or F: The Peace of Augsburg was revolutionary in the treatment of the lowest class of people.

true

T or F: John Calvin believed that faith guaranteed everyone a place in heaven.

false

T or F: The ideal place to live during the Renaissance was Geneva, Switzerland because the secular rule was fair and the citizens could worship freely.

false

T or F: Calvinists believed in harsher punishments for Believers.

true

T or F: The Protestant religion broke up into many different sects.

true

wrote about the manners of the aristocratic class

Castiglione

painted the ceiling of the Sistine chapel

Michelangelo

painted the Mona Lisa

Leonardo da Vinci

made plans for the dome of St. Peter's Cathedral

Michelangelo

wrote The Prince

Machiavelli

painted the Last Supper

Leonardo da Vinci

wrote "For all time"

Shakespeare

sculpted Moses

Michelangelo

painted the School of Athens

Raphael

sculpted David

Michelangelo

painted peasant scenes

Peter Bruegel

wrote Utopia

Thomas More

named "Leonardo of the North"

Durer

greatest humanist of Northern Europe

Erasmus

painted townspeople and religious scenes

Jan van Eyck

wrote a comedy about two giants

Rabelais

T or F: The Renaissance involved learning from classical Greek and Egypt.

false

T or F: Humanism is an intellectual movement to understand classical cultures and a better understanding of the current times people are living in.

true

T or F: Petrarch was from the city state of Florence and is remembered for the library he collected.

true

T or F: Greece's location made it the natural place for the start of the Renaissance.

false

T or F: The Medici family is a great example of a powerful merchant class family exerting its influence over a city state.

true

T or F: The definition of patrons of the arts is that people were the fathers of the artists.

false

T or F: The Renaissance time period included many new artistic techniques, including perspective, shading, lighting, using charcoal, mosaics, and drawing on cave walls.

false

T or F: Gothic architecture enjoyed a great resurgence of popularity during the Renaissance

false

started the Church of England

Henry VIII

received the title "Defender of the Faith"

Henry VIII

second daughter of King Henry VIII

Elizabeth I

cousin of Queen Elizabeth

Mary Queen of Scots

mother lost her head because of an affair

Elizabeth I

wrote letters to Philip of Spain

Mary Queen of Scots

"Bloody Mary"

Mary Tudor

monarch when England defeated the Spanish Armada

Elizabeth I

loved to have Protestants put to death

Mary Tudor

described the working of the heart as a pump

Harvey

universe followed very strict laws

Newton

polish scholar who first proposed heliocentric model of the universe

Copernicus

perfected microscope and saw cells

Leeuwenhoek

on deathbed said, "and yet it moves"

Galileo

ancient physician who set medical standards

Galen

"I think, therefore I am."

Descartes

laws of planetary motion

Newton

stressed experimentation and observation

Bacon

created calculus

Newton

placed under house arrest by Catholic Church for his scientific beliefs

Galileo

wanted science to make life better by leading to practical technologies

Bacon

created the graph

Descartes

T or F: Christopher Columbus was so confident in his belief that the world was round that eagerly shared the progress of the ships' voyage with the crew.

False

T or F: New technology in shipbuilding allowed the Europeans to explore the world in the 1400s.

True

t or f: Vasco de Gama was the first person to round the Cape of Good Hope.

false

T or F: The Europeans were the first people to enslave Africans

false

T or F: The Dutch were the dominant power in India until the 1900s.

False

T or F: The United States was the country that brought China out of its isolation in the 1850s.

false

T or F: The Spanish were the first to solve the problem of scurvy at sea.

False

T or F: Columbus sailed from Italy when he started his voyage of exploration.

false

T or F: Columbus was a rich man when he died.

false

T or F: The Mughal Empire was so large and powerful that the rulers saw no problem in trading with the Europeans.

true

T or F: The Koreans had a proverb which described their situation, "a shrimp among whales."

true

T or F: Ferdinand and Isabella made Spain stronger by expelling the Jews.

false

T or F: Afonso de Albuquerque won trading posts through force.

true

T or F: The Filipino people were largely converted to the Islamic faith.

false

T or F: The actual Line of Demarcation was unclear because geography at the time was imprecise.

true

T or F: Japan was known as the "Hermit Kingdom" because of its isolation.

false

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