What are all the Vitamin Bs
Vitamin B1, B2, B3, B12, B6, folate (B9)
What vitamin are thiamin & riboflavin?
Vitamin B1 and B2
What does thiamin support?
normal appetite and nerve function
What is the thiamin deficiency?
berberi, loss of sensation in hands and feet which leads to progressive paralysis
What are the food sources of thiamin?
pork, ham, bacon, liver, whole grains, legumes, nuts
What does riboflavin support?
normal vision and skin health
What is the deficiency of riboflavin?
ariboflavinosis, skin rash, magenta tongue
What are the food sources of riboflavin?
milk, yogurt, cottage cheese
Riboflavin food sources also contain???
Riboflavin is destroyed by what?
light and irradiation
What does Niacin supports?
health of skin, nervous system, and GI tract
What vitamin is Niacin?
What is Niacin (Vitamin B3) deficiency?
Pellagra the 4 Ds diarrhea, dermatitis, dementia, death
What is Niacin (Vitamin B3) toxicity?
Known as Niacin Flush can cause liver damage and GI ulcers
What are the Niacin food sources?
all protein containing food
What is vitamin is folate?
What is folate married to?
What is Folate required for in DNA?
to synthesis DNA and all new cells
Folate converts what vitamin to one of its co enzyme forms
What is folate deficiency?
Large immature RBC, birth defects such as spina bifida
what are the folate food sources?
dark green leavfies, fresh fruits and veges, eggs, legumes
folate utilization is impaired by regular use of...
aspirin, antacids, contraceptives, smoking
Vitamin B12 is married to...
Vitamin B12 converts folate to?
to the active coenzyme form
Vitamin B12 is indirectly needed for?
What is the Vitamin B12 deficiency?
What are the food sources of Vitamin B12?
animal products, fortified soy milk, supplements
Vitamin B6 is with???
Signs of Vitamin B6 deficiency is?
greasy dermatitis, irritability, insomnia
What is Vitamin B6 toxicity?
Can progress to permanent nerve damage
Food sources for Vitamin B6?
animal protein, potatoes, leafy greens
High levels associated with CVD
Biotin and Pantothenic Acid
Biotin: cofactor for E metabolism
Pantothenic acid: E metabolism
Ascorbic Acid is known as what Vitamin?
Vitamin C has what and helps with?
Antioxidant; collagen formation, stress, and immunity
Vitamin C deficiency is?
Vitamin C toxicity is?
mega doses of 3 grams per day, can cause kidney stones and GI upset
Food rich in Vitamin C is?
Citrus fruits, broccoli, strawberries, green pepper