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includes only india incomplete

subcontinent

a large and distinctive landmass (as India or Greenland) that is a distinct part of some continent

landmass

a very large, unbroken area of land

barrier

something that blocks the way; an obstacle

sanskrit

a writing system developed by the Aryans

shun

avoid and stay away from deliberately

suttee

the act of a Hindu widow willingly cremating herself on the funeral pyre of her dead husband

Brahman

the priest, not the spirit, brahMAN
the highest of the four varnas: the priestly or sacerdotal category

sacred

made or declared or believed to be holy

upanishads

A group of writings sacred in Hinduism concerning the relations of humans, God, and the universe.

Brahma

the Creator

Vishnu

A Hindu god considered the preserver of the world

Siva

the Destroyer

nirvana

the lasting peace that Buddhists seek by giving up selfish desires

tranquility

a state of peace and quiet

4 Noble Truths

Core of Buddha's doctrine; all life involves suffering, desire is the cause of suffering, elimination of desire brings the end to suffering, and disciplined life conducted in accordance with the Eightfold Path brings elimination of desire

Eightfold path

In Buddhism, the basic rules of behavior and belief leading to an end of suffering

Buddha

one who has achieved a state of perfect enlightenment

tibet

an Asian country under the control of China

theocracy

government run by church leaders

Dalai Lama

chief lama and once ruler of Tibet

Ganges and Indus

2 rivers in the Indus river valley

Aryans

nomads from Europe and Asia who migrated to India and finally settled; vedas from this time suggest beginning of caste system

cattle

sacred animal to ancient Indians becauses they provieded meat, milk, trade, and they use dung to patch walls

monsoon

rainy season in southern Asia when the southwestern monsoon blows, bringing heavy rains

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