AP Psychology Final Exam Review 5

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Research on the causes of schizophrenia strongly suggests that:

there is a genetic predisposition to schizophrenia.

While he was studying, Matthew was suddenly overwhelmed by feelings of intense apprehension. For several minutes he felt so agitated that he could not catch his breath. Matthew was most likely suffering from a(n):

panic attack.

According to Maslow, humans are motivated to seek:

self-actualization.

According to Freud, boys are most likely to experience the Oedipus complex during the ________ stage.

phallic

The humanistic perspective emphasizes the importance of:

fulfilling one's potential.

Which of the following techniques would behavior therapists most likely use to help people overcome a fear of flying?

systematic desensitization

Which type of therapy is based on the assumption that people are often disturbed because of their irrational interpretations of events?

cognitive therapy

According to Freud, the unconscious is:

the thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories, of which we are largely unaware.

The defense mechanism by which people disguise threatening impulses by attributing them to others is called:

projection.

An antisocial personality disorder is most likely to be characterized by:

a lack of guilt feelings.

Which of the following summaries regarding biological factors and anxiety and mood disorders is most correct?

Identical twin studies indicate possible biological predispositions for some anxiety and mood disorders.

The Big Five personality factors are:

emotional stability (neuroticism), extraversion, openness, agreeableness, conscientiousness.

The defense mechanism by which people shift an unacceptable impulse toward a more acceptable target is called:

displacement.

A delusion is a:

false belief.

A controversial diagnosis for a person who exhibits two or more distinct personalities is:

A controversial diagnosis for a person who exhibits two or more distinct personalities is:

dissociative identity disorder.

Prozac is an antidepressant drug that blocks the reabsorption and removal of:

Serotonin

A therapist asks you to say the first word that comes to mind when you hear a list of random nouns. Tthe therapist is using a type of:

free association

Behavior therapies can be divided into what two main categories?

operant and classical conditioning techniques

In most states, which of the following types of therapists can prescribe medication?

psychiatrists

Loss of memory in reaction to a traumatic event is called:

dissociative amnesia

A loss of physical function due to high anxiety is called a:

conversion disorder.

Electroconvulsive therapy has proven to be effective in the treatment of:

depression.

Mr. Hunt believes that he is the President of the United States and that he will soon become the "King of the Universe." Mr. Hunt is most clearly suffering from:

delusions.

The hopelessness and passive resignation we learn when we can't avoid repeated bad events is called:

learned helplessness.

Repetitive thoughts are called _________ and repetitive acts are _________.

obsessions; compulsions

An important feature of client-centered therapy is:

active listening.

A chronic state of low energy and self-esteem that is a bit less disabling than major depression is called a:

dysthymic disorder.

Dorothy is so alarmed by spiders and insects that she avoids most outdoor activities and even refuses to enter the basement of her own house alone. Dorothy appears to suffer from a(n):

phobia.

The DSM-IV-TR is a widely used system for:

classifying psychological disorders.

The most commonly diagnosed mood disorder is:

major depressive disorder.

The correct list of Freud's psychosexual stages is:

oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital.

Carl Jung thought that all humans shared a reservoir of memories called the:

collective unconscious.

A dissociative disorder characterized by loss of identity and travel to a new location is called:

dissociative fugue

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