Chapter 8 (Repiratory System) (S/P/Root)

63 terms by grz999 Plus

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phren/o (2)

mind / diaphragm

trans-

across / through (prefix)

thorac/o

thorax / chest (root word)

de- (4)

down, from, reversing, removing

Respiration (def)

def: process of supplying oxygen to the blood and removing carbon dioxide

in-

in (prefix)

spir/o

to breathe (root word)

ex-

out (prefix)

nasal cavity

air first enters through nose or (oral cavity)

Respiratory System (8)

nasal cavity
oral cavity
pharynx
larynx
trachea
bronchus
bronchioles
alveoli

nas/o

nose (root word)

pleura (def)

def: membrane that surrounds the lungs

alveol/o

alveolus (root word)

bronch/o, bronchi/o

bronchus (bronchi = pl) (root word)

bronchiol/o

bronchiole (root word)

epiglott/o

epiglottis (root word)

laryng/o

larynx (voice box) (root word)

lob/o

lobe (root word)

pleur/o

pleura (root word)

pharyng/o

pharynx (throat) (root word)

pneum/o, pneumon/o, pulm/o, pulmon/o

lung (root word)

trache/o

trachea / windpipe (root word)

eu-

normal (prefix)

dys-

bad (prefix)

-pnea

breathing (suffix)

orth/o

straight (root word)

brady-

slow (prefix)

tachy-

fast (prefix)

hyper-

more than normal (prefix)

-metry

measurement (suffix)

hypoxia / anoxia (def)

deficiency in oxygen

ox/o

oxygen (root word)

hem/o

blood (root word)

medi/o

middle

-ary

pertaining to (suffix)

embol/o

embolus (root word)

effusion (def)

def: to escape

-rrhagia

hemorrage (suffix)

bronch/o

bronchus

Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) - def

disorder characterized by insufficient respiration and hypoxemia

asthma (def)

def: spasm of th bronchial tubes or the swelling of their mucous membranes

atel/o

imperfect (prefix)

-ecstasis

dilation / stretching (suffix)

carcinoma of the lung (def)

lung cancer

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) (def)

def: disease that decreases the lungs' ability to perform their ventilatory process

emphysema

increase in size and destruction of the alvioli resulting in the difficulty of breathing

influenza (def)

def: acute, contagious respiratory infection w/ sudden onset of shills, headache, fever and muscular discomfort

pleuritis (def)

def: inflammation of the pleura - usually characterized by a sharp pain upon inhalation

coni/o

dust (root word)

pneumoconiosis (def)

def: respiratory condition caused by the inhalation of dust

pulmonary embolism (def)

def: blockage of a pulmonary artery

severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) def

def: caused by a coronavirus / infectious respiratory disease

silicosis (def)

def: form of pneumoconiosis resulting from inhalation of stone, sand, quartz or flint that contains silica.

silic/o

silica (root word)

tuberculosis (TB) def

def: caused by Mycobacteium Tuberculosis

tubercles (def)

def: small, round nodules produced by the TB bacteria

decongestants (def)

def: eliminates or reduces swelling / congestion

Antitussives (def)

def: prevents or relives coughing

Anti-histamines (def)

def: used to treat colds /allergies

Bronchio-dialators (def)

def: agent that causes dilation of the bronchi (as in asthma)

mucolytics (def)

def: destroys / dissolves muscus

atel/o

imperfect (root word)

-ole

little (suffix)

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