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Vocabulary Related to the Three Western Religions

Monotheism

Belief in One God

Polytheism

Belief in Many Gods

Atheism

Belief in NO God

Muslim

Person whose religion is Islam

Jew

Person whose religion is Judaism

Christian

Person whose religion is Christianity

Mosque

Where Muslims worship

Synagogue

Where Jews worship

Church

Where Christians worship

Rabbi

Jewish worship leader

Sunni

Largest sect is Islam

Shi'ite

Smaller of the two major Muslim Sects

Reformation

Split between Protestants and Roman Catholics

Abraham

Patriarch who is revered by all three Western Religions

Isaac

Abraham's son, Jews trace their lineage through him

Ishmael

Abraham's son, Muslims trace their lineage back through him

The Five Pillars

Five Duties of every Muslim

Muhammad

Islam's greatest prophet

Hajj

Journey to Mecca

Ramadan

Muslim month of fasting

Mecca

Holiest city for Muslims

Jerusalem

City that is important for all three Western Religions

Qur'an

Holy book of Islam

Bible

Holy book of Christianity

Torah

Holy book of Judism

Calligraphy

Beautiful handwriting

Arabic

Language of the Qur'an

Hebrew

Language of the Torah

Pope

Leader of the Roman Catholic Church

Jesus

Believed by Christians to be the Messiah

Christians

Believe Jesus was the Savior

Jews

Believe Jesus was simply a rabbi

Muslims

Believe Jesus was a prophet

Green

Color that often represents Muslims

Star of David

Symbol of Jews

Crescent and Star

Symbol of the Muslims

Fish

Like the Cross, a symbol of Christianity

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