Ch. 6 Couple Typologies

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List Fitzpatrick's 3 types of couples

Independent, separates, traditionals,

List Hochschild's 3 marital ideology role types

Traditional, transitional, egalitarian

List the three gender-organized couple types

Postgender, gender-legacy, traditional

A post-gender couple has

moved past gender roles within the relationship and the division of labor

A gender-legacy couple has...

gender roles as a default for the division of labor, though they do not consciously recognize it. (wife arranges schedule to be at home more, husband says wife is more "in-tune" with the kids)

A traditional (gender) couple has...

a conscious division of labor based on gender, roles are seen as different but equal

Independents are

non-traditional, autonomous, share responsibilities, support flexible sex roles, and are more likely to face conflict

Separates are

more likely to avoid conflict, have more need for space, share less, prefer regular schedules, and oppose flexible sex roles

Traditionals are

conventional in their beliefs, resist change, have high interdependence and low autonomy, avoid conflict unless necessary, and prefer strong sex-typed roles

In a traditional couple

women view themselves as mothers and community members, men derive identity from work

In a transitional couple

husband's role is provider, wife sees herself as home manager and her work as supplemental

In an egalitarian couple

the husband and wife desire to share responsibilities and maximize both their career opportunities. Power is shared, partners support each other, and work to maintain balance between work and family

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