Greek/Roman Art, Architecture, and Literature

24 terms by carstensenp

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Acropolis

center of the Athenian city-state; home to the Parthenon built for Athena

Golden Mean

"Nothing in excess, and everything in proportion"; Greek inspiration for architecture

Greek Vases

best-preserved Greek paintings; illustrated scenes from daily life and mythology

Phidias

Sculpted Athena and the statue of Zeus at Temple of Olympia (One of the Seven Wonders of the World)

Myron

Sculpted The Discus Thrower

Greek Sculpture

Demonstrated Greek admiration for the beauty of human body

philosophy

the study of fundamental questions of reality and human existence

Socrates

Famous Greek Philosopher who asked questions of everyone, not to receive information but to make people think in order to answer the questions

Plato

Philosopher and author of The Republic; documented Socrates' ideas

Aristotle

Philosopher and political writer; believed in division of levels of government

Herodotus

Father of History; distinguished between things he'd personally seen, investigated, or had been told

Thucydides

Famous for his History of the Peloponnesian War; believed that studying the past gave understanding to human nature

Sophocles

Tragedy writer who defended traditional values; famous for Oedipus the Tyrant

Euripides

Realist writer; questioned old beliefs and ideas; exposed pain and misery in war in The Trojan Women

aqueducts

bridge-like structures that carried water from the mountains to the cities

roman engineering

constructed roads, bridges, aqueducts, amphitheaters, and public buildings

concrete

Roman architects used this to create public buildings; more cost efficient and easier to engineer

Cicero

Famous Roman orator noted for his political works

Virgil

Greatest Roman poet; Wrote the Epic poem Aeneid, sequel to the Iliad

Horace

Great Roman author to wrote of human emotions in satires and letters

Tacitus

Great Roman historian; wrote about criticisms of Rome after Augustus

Homer

Blind Greek poet; author of the Odyssey and the Iliad

Hesiod

Greek poet; works focus on Greek mythology, farming, and astrology

epics

long poems describing heros and great events

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