permanently established legislative committees that consider and are responsible for legislation within a certain subject area.
Congressional committees appointed for a limited time and purpose.
Committees on which both senators and reps serve.
a joint committee appointed to resolve differences in the Senate and House versions of the same bill.
written authorization to cast another person's vote.
Congressional Research Service
staff agency that employs many people with advance academic training to respond to more than a quarter of a million questions a year.
General Accounting Office
staff agency that investigates agencies and policies and makes reccomendations on almost every aspect of government
Congressional Budget Office
staff agency that advises Congress on the likely economic effects of different spending programs and provides information on the costs of the proposed policies.
a legislative bill that deals with matters of general concern.
a legislative bill that deals only with specific, private, personal, or local matters.
an expression of opinion either in the House or Senate to settle procedural matters in either body.
an expression of opinion without the force of law that requires the approval of both the House and the Senate but not the president.
a formal expression of congressional opinion that must be approved by both houses of Congress and by the president; constitutional amendments need not be signed by the president.
a congressional process whereby a bill may be referred to several committees.
a congressional process by which a Speaker may send a bill to a second committee after the first is finished acting.
a device by which any member of the House after a committee has had the bill for thirty days may petition to have it brought to the floor.
an order from the House Rules Committee that sets a time limit on floor debate, forbids a bill from being emended on the floor.
an order from the House Rules Committee that permits the bil to be amended on the floor.
an order from the House Rules Committee that permits certain kinds of amendments but not others to be made to the bill on the floor.
Calendar Wednesday procedure
a procedure used by the House to bypass the Rules Committee.
the minimum number of members who must be present for business to be conducted in Congress.
a roll call in either house of Congress to see whether the minimum number of reps required to conduct business is present.
a provision added to a piece of legislation that is not germane to the bill's purpose.
Christmas Tree Bill
a bil with many riders.
a rule used by the Senate to end or limit a debate.
a procedure to keep the Senate going during filibuster in which the disputed bill is shelved temporarily so that the Senate can get on with other business.
a congressional voting procedure iin which members shout yea or nay permitting members to vote quickly or anonymously on a bills.
a congressional voting procedure in which members stand and are counted
a congressional votinf procedure in which members pass between two tellers, the yeas first and the nays second.
a congressional voting procedure that consists of members answering yea or nay to their names.
legislation that gives tangible benefits to contituents in several districts or states in hope of winning their votes in return.
the ability of members to mail letters to their constituents free of charge by substituting their facsimile signature for postage.