Protists and Fungi

133 terms by nicole1211 

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S1:Protists S2:Fungi

spore

waterproof reproductive cell of a fungus that can grow into a new organism; in plants, haploid cells produced in the gametophyte stage that can divide by mitosis to form plant structures or an entire new plant or can develope into sex cells

algae

chlorophyll-containing, plantlike protists that produce oxygen as a result of photosynthesis

saprophyte

organism that uses dead organisms as a food source and helps recycle nutrients so they are available for use by other organisms

sporangium

round spore case of a zygote fungus

pseudopod

temporary cytoplasmic extensions used by some protist to move about and trap food

protozoan

one-celled, animal-like protist that can live in water, soil, and living and dead organisms

protists

one- or many-celled eukaryotic organism that can be plantlike animal-like, or funguslike

ascus

saclike, spore-producing structure of sac fungi

mycorrhizae

network of hyphae and plant roots that help plants absorb water and minerals from soil

cilia

in protists, short, threadlike structures that extend from the cell membrane of a ciliate and enable the organism to move quicky

budding

form of asexual reproduction in which a new, genetically identical organism forms on the side of its parent

hyphae

mass of many-celled, threadlike tubes forming the body of a fungus

basidium

club-shaped, reproductive structure in which club fungi produce spores

lichen

organisms made up of a fungus and a green alga or cyanobacterium

flagellum

long, thin whiplike structure move through moist or wet surroundings

protozoans

animal-like protists are known as ____

protists

all ____ live in moist or wet surroundings

algae

all ____ contain the green pigment chlorophyll

make

plantlike protists ___ their own food

pseudopods

amoeba use what to move

cilia

Paramecium use what to move

flagella

Euglena use what to move

protists kingdom

what kingdom do amoeba, Paramecium, and Euglena belong to

yeasts

sac fungi

spores

reproductive cells in fungi

sporangium

round spore case characteristic of zygospore fungi

lichens

fungi important in weathering rocks to form soil

mushrooms

club fungi

mycorrhizae

network of hyphae and plant roots

penicillin

antibiotic produced by an imperfect fungus

saprophytes

fungi that feed off dead or decaying organisms

fuzzy black molds

zygote fungi

saprophyte

fungus that feeds on dead or decaying organisms

basidium

club fungi produce spores in this club-shaped structure

ascus

sac fungi produce spores in this saclike structure

protozoan

one-celled, animal-like protists

budding

asexual method of reproduction in yeasts

spores

reproductive cells in fungi

hyphae

mass of threadlike tubes that are the body of a fungus

sporangium

zygospore fungi produce spores in this round spore case

pseudopod

extension of cytoplasm used by some protozoans to move

cilia

short, threadlike structures that extend from the cell membrane

protist

one-celled or many-celled organism that lives in moist or wet surroundings

algae

plantlike protists

lichen

organism made of a fungus and a green algae or cyanobacteria

spore

reproductive cell of a fungus

protists

organisms that are animal-like, plantlike, or funguslike

cilia

threadlike structures used for movement

algae

plantlike protists

lichen

organism made up of a fungus and an alga or a cyanobacteria

ascus

reproductive structure made by sac fungi

hyphae

threadlike tubes that make up the body or a fungus

pseudopod

structure used for movement formed by oozing cytoplasm

protozoans

which type of protist captures food, doesn't have cell walls, and can move from place to place
a:algae c:fungi
b:protozoans d:lichens

dinoflagellates

which of the following organisms cause red tides when found in large numbers
a:Euglena c:Ulva
b:diatoms d:dinoflagellates

all of the above

algae are important for which of the following reasons
a:they are a good food source for many aquatic organisms
b:parts of algae are used in foods that humans eat
c:algae produce oxygen as a result of the process of photosynthesis
d:all of the above

on decaying logs

where would you most likely find funguslike protists
a:on decaying logs c:on dry surfaces
b:in bright light d:on metal surfaces

basidia

where are spores produced in mushrooms
a:sporangia c:ascus
b:basidia d:imperfect fungus

lichen

which of the followingis used as an indicator organism
a:club fungus c:slime mold
b:lichen d:imperfect fungus

cold, dry areas

what kind of enviroment prevents fungal growth

club fungi

sexual spores are produced in the basidium
ex:mushrooms

sacfungi

sexual spores are produced in the ascus
ex:yeast

zygospore fungi

sexual spores are produced in the sporangium
ex:mold on bread

imperfect fungi

no sexual spores are produced
ex:crust looking stuff on bare rocks

decompose

the most important role of fungi is to ____ organic materials

food; dead

fungi are unable to make their own ____, and most feed on ____ organisms

zygospore

the black mold found on old bread is a type of ____ fungus

sac

yeasts, morels, truffles, and some molds are examples of ___ fungi

algae

kelp is a type of ____

imperfect

unlike other fungi, in ___ fungi, the sexuall stage has never been seen

diatom

what organism is this
(orange looking thing on test--starfish like on paper)

Paramecium

what organism is this

slime mold

what organism is this

Euglena

what organism is this

amoeba

what organism is this

spore

reproductive cell of fungi

protozoans

animal-like protist

basidium

structure in club fungi holding reproductive cell

ascus

sac of reproductive cells in yeasts and other sac fungi

hyphae

mass of threadlike tubes composing the body of fungi

pseudopods

footlike cytoplasmic extensions

lichen

organism made of a fungus and green algae or a cyanobacteria

algae

plantlike protists

cilia

short, threadlike structures extending from the cell membrane that aid locomotion in some animal-like protists

sporangium

case of reproductive cells in zygote fungi

budding

form of reproduction used by yeasts in which an organism grows off the side of the parent

saprophytes

___ are organisms that obtain food by feeding on dead or decaying organisms

club

mushrooms are a ___ fungi

flagellum

a long, thin, whiplike structure called a ____ is used for movement by some algae and protozoans

euglenoids

one-celled algae that have characteristics of both plants and animals are called ____

mycorrhizae

___ is a network of fungus hyphae and plant roots that benefit both

parasites

organisms that live in or on another organism to obtain food directly are called ____

protist

a one- or many-celled organism that lives in moist or wet surroundings. have eukaryotic cells--- cells that have a nucleus and other internal, membrane bound structures. some are plantlike --- they contain chlorophyll and make their own food. others are animal-like and then some have a solid or shell-like structure on the outside of their bodies

asexually

protists reproduce ___ by cell division. the hereditary material in the nucleus is duplicated, the nucleus divides and then the cytoplasm divide--- two new cells that are genetically identical

regeneration

asexual reproduction of many-celled protist occurs by ____. parts break off and grow into new organisms that are genetically identical.

protists

___ can also reproduce sexually--- two sex cells join to form a new organism that is genetically different from the two organisms that were the sources of the sex cells

certain characteristics

protists are divided into three groups based on whether they share ____ with plants, animals, or fungi

plantlike protists

contain chlorophyll and can make their own food. have cell walls. are known as algae. some are one-celled others are many-celled

diatoms

found in fresh and salt water. golden-brown. secrete glasslike boxes around themselves.

dinoflagellates

have two flagella. one flagellum circles the cell like a belt and the other is attached to one end like a tail --- causes the cell to spin known as fire algae because they glow at night.

euglenoids

have characteristics of both plants and animals. many have chloroplasts and some dont. many move by whipping their flagella.

red algae

contain chlorophyll and some live up to 200m deep in the ocean

green algae

7000 species and contains large amounts of chlorophyll. can be one-celled or many-celled. some scientists hypthosized that plants evolved from ancient many-celled green algae

brown algae

many-celled and vary greatly in size. important food sorce and invertebrates---this is called kelp

algae

important food source for many organisms and called grasses under the ocean

oxygen

algae produce ___ as a result of photosynthesis

dinoflagellate

red tides are the result of ____ blooms

red algae

has gelatin like properties that makes it useful in the cosmetics and food industries

algin

found in brown algae and is used in ice cream and marshmallows. making rubber tires and hand lotion

animal-like protists

known as protozoans. classified by how they move and they live in or on other living or dead organisms that are found in water or soil

flagellates

move through their watery enviroment by flipping their long flagella. many live in fresh water and some are parasites that harm their hosts. they often grow in colonies.

animal-like protists

important source of food for larger organisms

funguslike protists

produce spores like fungi and can move from place to place using pseudopods

slime mold

form weblike structures on the surface of their food supply. brightly colored

water molds and downey mildews

live in water or moist places grow as a mass of threads over a plant or animal. the spores these protist produce have flagella

funguslike protist

help break down dead organisms

fungi

most are many-celled

fungal

the ___ cells absorb the digested food

saprophytes

most fungi are ___ and others are parasites ---- obtain their food directly from living things

warm, humid places

fungi grow best in what kind of places

spores

fungi reproduction asexually and sexually involves the production or ____

club fungi, sac fungi, and zygote fungi and other fungi

what are the three groups of fungi

club fungi

mushrooms are a type of what kind of fungi

club fungi

on this type of fungi the part you see is only the reproductive structure of the fungus. most of the fungus grow as hyphae in the soil

sac fungi

yeast, molds, morels, and truffles are examples of what kind of fungi

sporangium

a round spore case on the tips of upright hyphae. they are formed by zygospore fugus. called imperfect fungi because there is no evidence that their life cycle has a sexual stage

moist protected

because the fungus gets food made by the green algae or the cyanobacteria they get a ____ place to live

mycorrhizae

a network of hyphae and plant roots. fungus helps plants absorb nutrients, while the plant supplies food and other nutrients to the fungi.

fungi

___ are an important food crop

plant crops

many fungi can destroy ____

fungi

can cause many diseases to humans and animals

penicillian

fungi produce antibiotics call _____

decomposers

fungi are most imprtant as _____ that break down organic materials

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