religion exam (Messina)

59 terms by clundin 

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the ban

what it was called when after Jericho falls, the Israelites destroy everything in the city

Joshua

assumes leadership of Israel after Moses dies

Rahab

made her living being a prostitute

West Point

Joshua's statue is located at this U.S. Military Academy hall of fame

Gideon

this judge was the most insignificant person in his own family

Jephthah

this person vowed that if he won in battle, he would sacrifice whoever came first to meet him on his return

Ruth

this person decided to stay with Naomi

Philistines

this group was a sea peoples who invaded the eastern coastland of the Mediterranean and were a constant rival with the Israelites

Temple of Dagon

this is what Samson destroys

Boaz

marries Ruth

shofet

Hebrew word for a judge

Deborah

the judge that was both a prophetess and a judge

Sisera

this person dies by getting nailed to a wall

Jael

the person who killed Sisera

Amos

the first prophet to have his sayings recorded in written form

Hosea

the prophet who acted out his message in his life as much as he preached it, marrying a "harlot" because the Israelites had turned from Yahweh, naming his children for the sins he saw in Israel

Assyrians

invaded Israel

Moses

the first prophet

Nahum

name means comfort and he told his prophecy to Assyria

Obadiah

was from Edom, his name means Servant of Yahweh, and he spoke to the Edomites

Baruch

was a disciple of Jeremiah and he prophesized about the return of the Canaanites

Joel

his main message referred to the disaster of the locust and his father was Pethuel

Zephaniah

name means Yahweh hidden

Jonah

the only minor prophet that Jesus spoke about, was swallowed by a great fish, was in the fish for 3 days, his father was Amittai, and he was sent to Nineveh

Habakkuk

he is most famous for bringing Daniel food in the lion den and his name means to wrestle

Haggai

his sole message was to free the temple

Malachi

his name means my messenger

Cyrus and the Persians

assumed power in the area with the end of the Babylonian Empire

Inarus Revolt

an Egyptian revolt against the Persians in 460 that had Greek support

Galilee

Jesus' main region of preaching

Judea

Jerusalem, Bethany, Bethlehem, and Jericho are all located in this region

Greek

common language throughout the Roman empire and the language the Gospels were written in

synagogue

from a Greek word meaning assembly

Jerusalem

where the Temple was located

Passover

this feast is the most important feast because it celebrates the Chosen People's liberation from Egypt

Pentecost

this feast is held 50 days after Passover- celebrated Yahweh's giving of the Law of Moses, the Sinai covenant

tabernacles

this feast is the fall harvest celebration- recall the time that Jews spent in the wilderness

Sadduccees

these people were mainly priests and aristocrats who cared for Temple practices and worship

Pharisees

these people believed in strict observance of the Law and actively pursued holiness

Essences

these people lived strict, pure lives believing that they would be on Yahweh's side when the great day would come

Zealots

these people were an organized revolutionary faction that despised Roman rule

women

these people had a lowly position in Palestine

Canon of the Bible

the official list of books that is considered inspired

St. Paul's Letters

the earliest New Testament writings

synoptic Gospels

the Gospels that are seen together

Father Osuna

the priest who was arrested twice and tortured and killed

Father Grande

Romero's priest friend who was shot while driving in his car with the old man and kids

Arista

woman who's husband was captured and killed

Lucia

young woman who was taken from her home and later shot at the land fill

El Salvador

country where the events in the Romero movie were taking place

Lt. Colunna

army lieutenant who sees Romero at the party and orders the bus to be shot at the beginning of the film

Nero

the emperor who blamed the Christains for the fire in Rome and then persecutes them

Centorion

sees Jesus as the Son of God at the end of Mark's Gospel

lion

symbol for the evangelist Mark

Elijah

the prophet who Mark compares John the Baptist to

the Messianic secret

what Mark refers to Jesus wanting his identity as Messiah to be kept hidden because people would misunderstand his true identity as the suffering servant

Gehenna

the Hebrew term which means hell

parable

a short story drawn from ordinary life that makes a comparison with a religious message

Beelzubul

the Hebrew term which means the devil

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