Booker T. Washington
Ran the Tuskegee Institute, gave the Atlanta Speech, accommodation, organised the Negro Business League.
Ida B. Wells
Sued the railroad company, public opposition to lynching, women's rights.
W.E.B. Du Bois
Founded the Niagara Movement (1905), founded the NAACP.
Founded UNIA (1917), blacks taking control of their own affairs, Black Eagle Star Steamship, open air parades, military style leadership.
Both black and white supporters, peaceful, focus on legal aspects, constitutional organisation, significant long-term role.
Campaigned for equal rights and independence of blacks rather than absorbing into the melting pot, encouraged to develop their own institutions, etc.
Black lawyer winning nearly all the NAACP cases and was the first black Justice of the Supreme Court.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955), Birmingham Protest (1963), "I have a dream" speech (1963), sit-ins, freedom rides, peaceful, desegregation, political rights. View changed later on.
Member of the Nation of Islam, violent, economic and social rights, wrote in a journal, gave speeches, black superiority, views later changed.
Economic emphasis, influenced by Black Power and Malcolm X, had a 10-point programme, violent, military style.