To produce the female gamete called an ovum.
To provide a place for fertilization to occur.
to provide a place for the growth and development of a fertilized egg.
To produce the female hormones estrogen and progesterone.
Produces: ova, contains: 400,000- 500,000
Maturing processs of ovum is called: oogenesis
When oogenesis is complete the process of ovulation occurs
Menarche: Avergage age 12-13, when first start ovulating
Menopause: Average age mid to late 40's early 50's, stop ovulating
Passageway for ovum to get to the uterus (3-5 days)
Lines with cilia and filled with a fluid
Fertilization occurs in the first upper 1/3 of the fallopian tubes and usually occurs in the first 24 hours after ovulation. The result is called a zygote (0-2 weeks)
Also called the womb, is where the fetus/embryo develops.
The inside lining is called endometrium, and is a muscular wall that is lined with blood vessels to provide nutrients.
If an egg is not fertilized the lining is shed during a process called menstruation.
It is called a period because it is a regular repeating pattern.
Lower opening to the uterus.
Protrudes into the vagina.
This is a very common cite for cancer, so once a year a special test is performed called a pap smear test is performed.
During childbirth it measures (0 cm) to about (10 cm)
Elastic birth canal
Receives semen during sexual intercourse. Usually where STD's (STI's can become diseases not always, exp. HIV not always AIDS) are transmitted.
This process occurs every 28 days or so and usually lasts about 5-7 days.
Changes in the uterus are a result of hormones.
Days 1-5: Endometrium is lost
Days 6-23: Endometrium is built-up
Days 24-28: Endometrium is either maintained or begins to break up. This happens because the egg is fertilized, not fertilized
Days 11-17: Fertile period
Oogenesis occurs days 1-5
Chemical prodcuts, produced by glands, that are able to control the activities of the organs and tissues of your body.
The glands are a part of the endocrine system.
The two glands found in the female reproductive system are called Pituitary and the Ovaries
Follicle Stimulating Hormone: causes oogenesis
Lutenizing Hormone: causes ovulation
Prolactin: causes stimulates milk production in mammary glands
Estrogen, which causes secondary sex characteristics (bigger hips, breast developement, pubic hair)
Progesterone, which causes endometrium to thicken
Human Papiloma Virus- Guardasil, Douche
Day 23 or 24
Least likely to get pregnant
Most chance you can get pregnant
when you ovulate
In a women sperm lives about
If you don't want to get pregnant you want to have sex either a
few days before, the day, or a few days later
The beginning/ highest
Zygote attaches to fallopian tubes, more likel to have it again once you have it once
Maturing processs of ovum is called
Avergage age 12-13, when first start ovulating
Average age mid to late 40's early 50's, stop ovulating
Endometrium is lost
Endometrium is built-up
Endometrium is either maintained or begins to break up. This happens because the egg is fertilized, not fertilized
Follicle Stimulating Hormone
causes stimulates milk production in mammary glands
causes secondary sex characteristics (bigger hips, breast developement, pubic hair)
causes endometrium to thicken