A deviation from what speakers of a language understand as the ordinary or standard use of words in order to achieve some special meaning or effect.
is exaggeration. It puts a picture into the "reader" mind.
a comparison between two distinctly different things using "like" or "as" ("My love's like a red, red rose")--
words and phrases that appeal to the senses
The language, especially the vocabulary, peculiar to a particular trade, profession, or group
The use of words to imitate sounds
a combination of contradictory or incongruous words
A situation or a statement that seems to contradict itself, but on closer inspection, does not
A figure of speech in which something nonhuman is given human characteristics
the original pattern or model of which all things of the same type are representations or copies
eg a perfect example