diuretics

Created by jsansolo 

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phosphodiesterase inhibitors are what type of diuretic?

cardiovascular diuretics

name some examples of PDE inhibitors

aminophyllline
amrionone
milrionone

what is the most commonly used osmotic diuretic?

Mannitol

what osmotic diuretic can be used for cerebral spinal edema and actue glaucoma?

Mannitol

Which osmotic diuretic is only used for localized edema?

Mannitol

if Mannitol is administered PO what are the adverse effects?

not absorbed and acts as a laxative

What is the most effective diuretic?

Loop Diuretics

What is the most common loop diuretic?

Furosemide (Lasix)

what are loop diuretics derived from that may cause an allergic reaction in some patients?

Sulfonamides

Where do loop diuretics work?

Ascending loop of henle

Where do osmotic diuretics work?

Ascending loop of henle and distal convoluted tubule

what is the drug of choice for generalize edema?

Loop diuretics

What is the drug of choice for exercise induced pulmonary hemorrhage in horses?

Lasix (Furosemide)

Which diuretic inhibits Na/K/Cl transport at the ascending loop of henle?

Loop diuretics

Hypokalemia, ototoxicity and systemic alkalosis are side effects of what group of diuretics?

Loop diuretics

What drugs should loop diuretics NOT be used with? why?

Aminoglycosides
due to ototoxicity

hyperglycemia is a side effect of what diuretic?

loop diuretics

the second most effective diuretic group is?

thiazide diuretics

what group of diuretics should not be used with renal failure?

thiazide derivatives
they do not get to the site of action

where do thiazide derivatives work?

distal tubule

what group of diuretics can be used to prevent Calcium Oxalate crystals?

thiazide diuretics

hydrocholorothiazide and chlorothiazide are what type of diuretic?

thiazide diuretics

udder edema is associated with which diuretics?

thiazide diuretics

drug of choice for nephrogenic diabetes insipidus?

thiazide derivatives

drug of choice for central diabetes insipidus?

desmopressin

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