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Normandy

Region in Northern France

concentration camps

Prison in which the Nazis enslaved and murdered millions of people during World War II

holocaust

Murder of six million Jews during World War II

Harry S. Truman

Thirty-third President of the United States, 1945-1953

atomic bomb

Powerful type of bomb with destructive force of 20,000 tons of ordinary explosives

Hiroshima

City in southwest Japan; the first city where an atomic bomb was dropped

dictator

Leader with total power

Benito Mussolini

Italian dictator who came to power in 1922 and led Italy during World War II

Adolf Hitler

Nazi dictator of Germany during World War II

World War II

War fought from 1939 to 1945 between the Allies and the Axis, and involving most of the countries in the world. The United States joined the Allies in 1941, helping the Allies gain victory.

Joseph Stalin

Dictator of the Soviet Union from 1929 to 1953

Pearl Harbor, Hawaii

Harbor in Hawaii. Japanese planes bombed the United States naval base there in a surprise attack on December 7, 1941.

Dwight D. Eisenhower

American General who was the leader of invasion of the battle of Normandy

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