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poetry vocabulary words

alliteration

the repetition of consonant sounds, most often at the beginning of words

audience

the type of reader for whom a literary work is intended

comparison

the similarity between two things

contrast

the difference between two things

concrete poem

a poem shaped to look like its subject

end-stopped line

in poetry a line in which a pause occurs naturally at the end of a line

run-on line

a line in poetry in which the meaning continues beyond the line

figurative language

imaginative language used for descriptive effect and not meant to be taken as the literal truth

simile

a figure of speech that uses the words LIKE or AS to directly compare two seemingly unlike things (her hair was like moldy hay)

metaphor

a figure of speech that compares or equates two basically different things (ribbon of highway)

image

a picture or likeness that is created with words

imagery

language that appeals to the senses

limerick

a humorous five line poem that follows a specific form: 3 long lines (1,2,5) and 2 short lines (3,4) that rhyme

haiku

a three line poem usually on the subject of nature with five syllables each in lines 1 and 3 and seven syllables in line 2.

lyric poem

a poem that expresses a personal thought or emotion most lyric poems are short and present vivid images

narrative poem

a poem that tells a story

onomatopoeia

the use of a word or phrase that imitates or suggests the sound of what it describes

poetry

imaginative writing in which language, images, sound, and rhythm combine to create a special effect

repetition

the repeated use of sounds, words, phrases, or lines used to emphasize an idea

refrain

in some songs and poems a line or group of lines repeated at regular intervals

rhyme

a repetition of the same or similar sounds in words that appear near each other in a poem

stanza

a group of lines forming a unit in a poem

cinquain

a five line poem using nouns, adjectives, and verbs

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