loyalty to one's own region of the country, rather than to the nation as a whole
rights and powers independent of the federal government
1820 This law allowed 2 states to enter the Union (MAINE and MISSOURI) to maintain the balance of power in the senate of free to slave states. It also banned slavery in the lands of the Louisiana Purchase, North of the 36, 30' north latitude.
Compromise of 1850
California is free, Fugitive Slave Act passed, popular soverignity used in Utah and New Mexico territories to settle the issue of slavery
Fugitive Slave Act
Law that provided for harsh treatment for escaped slaves and for those who helped them
Dred Scot Case
Landmark Supreme Court case in which the Missouri Compromise is found unconstitutional, Congress cannot place bans on slavery as it is the same effect as removing property without due process of law under the 6th Amendment, power must be left tot he states, and African Americans are not citizens.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
a novel published by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1852 which portrayed slavery as brutal and immoral
Kansas Nebraska Act
This Act set up Kansas and Nebraska as states. Each state would use popular sovereignty to decide what to do about slavery. People who were proslavery and antislavery moved to Kansas to try to make it either free or slave.
sequence of violent events involving Free-Staters (anti-slavery) and pro-slavery "Border Ruffians" elements that took place in Kansas Territory and the western frontier towns of the U.S. state of Missouri between roughly 1854 and 1858 attempting to influence whether Kansas would enter the Union as a free or slave state
1859, Virginia, John Brown raids the Federal arsenal to arm slaves
formal separation from an alliance or federation, the withdrawal of eleven Southern states from the Union in 1860 which precipitated the American Civil War
U.S. statesmen, 16th president. Led Union to victory in Civil War. Assassinated. Sometimes called "Honest Abe".
an American statesman and politician who served as President of the Confederate States of America for its entire history from 1861 to 1865
Confederate States of America
name of the nation established by the Southern States after secession
Federal fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina; the confederate attack on the fort marked the start of the Civil War, no deaths
Presidential Election of 1860
the presidential election of 1860 was won by Abraham Lincoln, the republican candidate. He won no southern states, which angered the South sparking states to seceed from the Union.
Battle of Bull Run
1861, 1st major battle, proved war was going to be long and costly
Battle of Gettysburg
1863, this three day battle was the bloodiest of the entire Civil War, ended in a Union victory, and is considered the turning point of the war
Battle of Vicksburg
1863, Union gains control of Mississippi, confederacy split in two, Grant takes lead of Union armies, total war begins
Sherman's March to the Sea
After the burning of Atlanta Georgia on Nov 15 1864, he marched 300 miles to savannah and arrived there December 22nd 1864, his purpose was to destroy the South's supply chain and morale
Type of war in which an army destroys its opponent's ability to fight by attacking civilian and economic, as well as military, targets.
April 1865., the Virginia town where Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant in 1865, ending the Civil War
Ulysses S. Grant
Union military commander who won victories when others had failed and defeated Lee
Robert E. Lee
General of the Confederates (South)
a moment in history that marks a decisive change, change of who is winning the war
speech by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War (November 19, 1963) at the dedication of a national cemetery on the site of the Battle of Gettysburg, key ideas were liberty, equality, and democratic ideas; purpose of war was to portect those ideas
September 22, 1862 - Lincoln freed all slaves in the states that had seceded, after the Northern victory at the Battle of Antietam. Lincoln had no power to enforce the law. Allows the U.S. to get foreign aid