At a gallop, respiration rate & stride rate are almost always coupled in what ratio?
When the front limbs make ground contact
In the gallop, when does the horse exhale?
Fetlock - it may support the full weight of the horse during certain gaits or movements such as jumping
Which leg joint is subjected to the greatest strain & why?
They act as levers & aid in support of weight/ locomotion
What is the purpose of the long bones in the horse's body?
In complex joints (knee, hock, fetlock) and they absorb concussion
Where are the short bones located in the horse's body & what is their main purpose?
Which type bones enclose the body cavities containing vital organs and also provide large areas for muscle attachment?
Spinal column - they protect the central nervous system/spinal cord
Where are the irregular bones in the horse's skeleton located and what is their purpose?
Which muscle type is fast twitch and fatigues easily?
What provides the energy for muscle contraction?
What is a secondary purpose of the respiratory system?
What is the term for the ribs which lack costal cartilage attachment to adjacent cartilages?
In the horse, which gland secretes tears?
What substance produced by the horse contains nitrogen, sulfer metabolism, inorganic salts & pigments?
Epidermis & dermis
The horse's skin is composed of 2 layers. What are they?
What is the common name for the apocrine tubular glands of the horse?
At points of articulation (ends)
Where on a bone would you not find the periosteum?