a word that names a person, a place, a thing, or an idea
a noun made of two or more words. Compound nouns may be open, hyphenated, or closed
names an idea, a quality, or a characteristic
the general—not the particular—name of a person, place, thing, or idea
the name of a particular person, place, thing, or idea
a singular in form but names a group
a word that takes the place of a noun, a group of words acting as a noun, or another pronoun. The word or group o words to which a pronoun refers is its antecedent.
a specific person, place, thing, or idea by indicating the person speaking (the first person), the person or people being spoken to (the second person), or any other person, place, thing, or idea being discussed (the third person)
takes the place of the possessive form of a noun
refers, or reflects back, to the subject of the sentence, indicating that the same person or thing is involved. A reflexive pronoun always adds information to a sentence.
adds emphasis to another noun or pronoun in the same sentence
points out specific persons, places, things, or ideas
begins a special subject-verb word group called a subordinate clause
refers to persons, places, things, or idea in a more general way than a noun does
a word that expresses action or a state of being and is necessary to make a statement
tells what someone or something does
followed a direct object-that is, a word or words that answer the question "what?" "whom?"
not followed by a direct object
links the subject of a sentence (often a noun or a pronoun) with a noun, a pronoun, or an adjective that identifies or describes the subject. Does not show action
verbs that accompany the main verb
consists of a main verb and all its auxiliary, helping, verbs
a word that modifies a noun or a pronoun by limiting its meaning. Tells "what kind", "which one", "how many", or "how much"
"what kind", "which one", "how many", or "how much"
indicates no comparison
compares two nouns or pronouns
compares more than two nouns or pronouns
a, an, and the
formed from a proper noun. begins with a capital letter
a word that modifies a verb, adjective, or an adverb by making its meaning more specific
"when", "where", "how", and "to what degree"
a word that shows the relationship of a noun or a pronoun to another word in a sentence
a group of words begin with a preposition and ends with a noun or a pronoun that is called the object of the preposition
a preposition that is made up of more than one word
a word that joins single words or groups of words
joins words or groups of words that have equal grammatical weight in a sentence
works in pairs to join words and groups of words of equal grammatical weight in a sentence
joins two clauses, or thoughts, in such a way as to make one grammatically dependent on the other
used to clarify the relationship between clauses of equal weight
a word or a phrase that expresses emotion or exclamation. Has no grammatical connection to other words