What line of latitude is the tropic of cancer located at?
twenty 3 and a half degrees north of the equator
What line of latitude is the tropic of capricorn located at?
twenty three and a half degrees south of the equator
What line of longitude is the prime meridian located at?
What degree is the international date line at?
The artic circle is at ....
66 and a half degrees latitude-north
The antartic circle is at...
66 and half degrees latitude-south
In the Middle East, the goverment is based on what?
What is the main religion of the Middle East?
Israel is not Muslim. What religion is it mostly?
The main language spoken in the Middle East is...
One of the major oil centers in the world is....
The Middle East
What does OPEC stand for and what does it do?
Organization Protrollium Exporting Countries. group that meets to discuss oil prices
Which direction does the Nile flow?
Which countries in the Middle East are pro-U.S?
Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, and Israel
Which countries in the Middle East are extremists and anti-U.S??
Syria, Iran, Iran, and the Palestines
What do PNA and PNO stand for?
Palestine National Authority and Palestine Liberation Organization
What does Islam mean?
Submission to the will of God
What is the second largest religon in the world?
Where is Muslim prominent?
South and Southeast Asia(India)
Who is the founder of Islam?
What did Muhammad develop?
What are the five pillars of Islam
belief in one God, fasting, Mecca Haj, prayer five times a day, and alms-charitable givings.
What are the differences between the Sunni and the Shi'ite Muslims?
Sunni: teachings end with Muhammad and they are more moderate/mellow. broad based leadership
Shia: include teachings of Ali, fundametalist and follow every single teaching word for word, and authoritorian
What does Anti-Semitism mean?
prejudice aganist Jews
When did Israel become a nation?
As soon as Israel becomes a nation, they are attacked by...
Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Iraq, and Lebanon
raids/massacres or expulsion
movement to establish homeland
What happened during the 6 day war of 1967?
Israel afraid of Arab's attacking, so they attack first. They destroy Egyptian and Syraian planes- gain 4 pieces of land.
What were the four pieces of land that Israel gained?
Golden Heights from Syria, West Bank from Jordan, Gaza Strip from Egypt, and the Sinai Peninsla from Egypt
What happened during the 1973 Yom Kippur War?
Jewish Day of worship. Egypt attacks Israel to restore pride and gain back land. Fight ends in standstill.
Who signed the Camp David Accords of 1978?
The Egyptian President- Anwar Sedar, Prime minister of Israel- Begin, and Jimmy Carter from the U.S
What were the terms of the Accords?
Israel would withdraw from Sinai.No fighting, Egypt would receive aid from U.S, and the Gaza Strip would be open to the Palestianians.
What is the fertile crescent?
land between the rivers-Euphrates and Tigris- called Mesopotamia.
The earliest civilization of the ancient society was...
The Sumer's believed in how many gods?
What were some of the inventions the Babylonians made?
wheel, canals for immigration, the sailboat, and writting.
Who developed cuneiform?
Who were the Chaldeans?
descendents of the Bablonians
What didthe Chaldeans do?
astronomy-direction of stars and used them like fortunes. seven wonders of the ancient world. and build the Hanging Gardens
Which is the largest of ancient empires?
What was the Epic of Gilgamesh?
oldest written work on Earth that is a narrative poem.
What is Persia known for?
Excellent road systems
Who was the most famous king of the Chaldeans?
Nebuchadnezzar-took Hebrews captive
Who was the first mathmatician to build the pyramids?
Imhotep-designed pyramids and later became a god
Who was Akhenaton?
Egyptian pharoh who stressed one God
The earliest goverment of the Babylonians was ruled by
Who was the most famous king who was used in mummification?
something to keep body from decomposing
What is the code of Hammurabi?
harsh rules, class inequality, and buisness property
Who changed his name to Aton. Aton was a god who this person said was the only god to follow?
What kind of pyramids did the Egpytians have?
What does Africa mine?
petroleum and coal
King Hattusilis was was the king of..
What was the main seaport of the Phoenicians?
What are ziggurats?
buildings with angles, foundation made of stone
Who were the phoenicians?
great sailors who established the seaports and invented the alphabet
What is the agriculture of Africa?
senitary and tropical
What did the Hittites invent and what did they do?
originated in Turkey and invented iron. destroyed Babylon
In 1912, THE ANC was formed. WHat is it?
African National Congress: fight aganist aparteid
Opposition to aprteid was legal or illegal?
practice of sperating the races
The Prime Remedian goes through...
Who was Nelson Mandela?
leader in opposition to apartheid.
Who were the Assyrians?
What were the inventions of the Egyptians?
Papyrus and Hieroglyphics, calender, and art and architecutre.
The Hebrews were...
monothesists, Jewish, enslaved
The Egyptian alphabet is called
Where is the capital of the Assyrians and what are they known of?
Ninevah and they are known for their library.
In 1956, what happened to Mandela?
He was arrested for twenty-seven years
Afrikaans was a language that
Africans couldnt speak or understand
The highest mountion in Africa is
The ANC created what campaign to keep fighting aganist the whites??
THE definace campaign
What is Africa famous for?
diamonds and gold from east africa and south
The last white african president was
F.W DeKlerk-freed Mandela
Africa is divided into 4 subregions which are..
west africa, central africa, south africa, and east africa
Why does apartheid end?
bankrupt, vulnerable to global forces, and increasing violence
True or False: Africa has the shortest life expectancy.
Who were the Afrikaaners?
white South Africans;mostly dutch
Who was the last president of apartheid?
How was the goverment of Egypt ruled?
ruled by pharoh; bureaucracy, theocracy
What does GNP stand for?
Grose National Products
What were the pyramids designed for?
Who is King Menes?
He unified upper and lower Egypt and his reign signaled begining of Egyptian rule; conquered surrounding lands
Which country had the first centralized goverment?
What were the origins of apartheid?
colonization by European people-brittish and dutch
officials in charge of different departments who regulated trade
How did the fall of apartheid happen?
Mandela met with F.W DeKlerk, apartheid laws dismantled, free elections were held, and Mandela became president!
Where are the Dutch originally from?
What was the anti-apartheid movement?
What year did Mandela become president?
What was the policy of apartheid?
seperation of races
What happened during the Sharpville Massacre?
Police open-fired and killed 69
What happened to the country of Africa when Mandela was imprisoned? The other countries did what?
They didnt sell or buy products of Africa. They excluded Africa from the olympics, econmic activity, and the United Nations.
What state was the first great trading state in west africa?
kingdom of ghana
What was the religion of the Axums?
Christianity and eventually Islam
The cit of Meroe in Africa produces a large supply of..
iron ore-made tools
What did the kings of Ghana do?
governed without law and relied on strong army for protection
Nubia freed itself from Egypt and became what state?
The Kush's economy was based on..
How did Islam form in Africa?
Muslim trading states and in Axum, the Christians fought against the Muslims for trade
In Africa, what goes on in economy and trade?
iron ore for weapons and tools, gold was part of the trading empire, desired salt, traded by silent trade.
What led to the rise of Axum?
Kushites overtaken by Axum, colony of Arabs, contained Arab and African cultures, and King Ezana conguered the Kush.
Trade-carried by Berbers. Who are the Berbers?
nomadic people whose camel caravans were known as fleets of the desert.
How many climate zones are in Africa?
4-mild,deserts,rain forests, and savannas
Who founded the economy of Mali?
Sundiata Keita-conquered Ghana
Muslims started settling at ports alongs coasts, resulting in string of trading ports which were..
Modadishu, Mombasa, Kilwa
What was the language that emerged along the coastal area?
Swahili combined with Bantu and Arabic
How many geographical zones are in Africa?
Who were the Bantus?
people who lived in East Africa who lived by hunting and food gathering or by raising livestock
What are the two largest deserts in Africa?
Sahara and the Kagliari
Muhammad Ture expanded whih dynasty and divided Songhai into provinces..
Muhammad Ture was...
military leader and devout Muslim
What is the farming dialect of languages that began to move from the region of the Niger River in East Africa and the Congo River basin?
Which civilizations were the masteries of farming?
Egypt, Kush, and Axum
The kingdom of Songhair's height of Power was with..
The farmers of Mali lived with whom and what were the rulers responsible for?
lived with rulers who served as religious and aministrative leaders. responsible for sending tax revenues from village to kings of Mali
Sunni Ali established which dynasty?
Sunni Dynasty- he conquered Timbuktu and Jenne and gave control of trading empire
On Mansa Musa's pilgrimage he..
caused value of gold to fall and had replicas of the Masques he saw.
Kossi, ruler, of Kingdom of Songhai converted to Islam. What dynast did he establish?
True or False: The economy of Mali built wealth on gold and salt trade.
Under the reign of Mansa Musa, he
doubled size of Mali, divided into provincces ruled by governers, made a pilgrimage to Mekkah.
What is Buddhism?
rival of Hinduism; founder is Siddhartha Gautama; it is letting go of the real world and the end of the self and reunion with the Great World Soul and rejected the caste system
Which countries in Asia are VERY poor?
Cambodia, Laos, Philipines, and Vietnam
Nomadic warriors set up which kingdom?
Communist countries in Asia are
China, North Korea, Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia
The Macedonian king-Alex the great- created what dynasty?
Which country has a high GNP?
The Indian-Arabic numerical system was created by
Nationilist country in Asia..
Which country is almost as rich as the U.S?
Who was the father of the communists?
Carl Marx-no poor or rich people
The Shang dynasty replaced which dynasty?
What are the Principal Mountion Ranges of Asia?
Himalayes and Janpenese Alps
What are the main religions of Asia?
Christianity,Islam, BUDHISM!, Hinduism, Sikhism, SHINTO!
Two Chinas. Which one is Communist and which isnt?
How was the oral tradition of Africa passed down?
Capital of Shang Dynasty was
Sawhili is the national language of ..
Kenya and Tanzania
Principal religion of Japan is..
Religion and culture under the shang was...
life after death, human sacrifices, veneration of ancestors,burned replicas, spirits, and bronze casting
group of independent villages organized by clans and led by a local ruler of clan head
After Mao won the Chinese civil war, what did he do? What did Chiang do?
set up the PRC. Chiang flees and sets up new china
In ancient china, the chinese written language used
pictographic and ideographics
What happened during the Cold War in Asia?
U.S only recognizes Taiwan.
What happened during the Chinese civil war?
Mao(supported by Soviets) battles Chaing.(U.S supports Chiang with money and weapons) Mao won.
What was Hinduism?
religious beliefs fromk the Vedas-collections of ymns and religious ceremonies.
force generated by a person's actions that determines how the person will be reborn in the next life;ruled by dharma
Which president visited Mao to reopen relations with PRC?
form of ultimate reality or God
What was the caste system in INDIA?
set of ridig social categories that determinded person's occupation, economic potential, and skin color
leader of communists, studied Carl Marx's ideas, favored radical change, arch-enemy of Chang
leader of Nationalists, president of Taiwan, supported by wealthy chinese, friendly to U.S
What are the two elements of Daoism?
duty and humility
What is Legalism?
humans are evil by nature, needed to follow strict laws and goverment;rejected Confucian view of gov.
What were the two levels of administration in the Qin Dynasty?
provinces and countries
What is Daoism?
system of ideas based on the teachings of Caozi-old master
What were the three chinese philosophies?
confucianism, daoism, and legalism
The Qin Dynasty adopted which philosophy?
What are the three structures of religious purposes in Indian culture??
piller, stupa, and rock chambers
Who was Wudi?
martial emperor of Han who extended the border into central Asia and dealt with the Xiongnu nomads
The teachings of Confucianism were recorded in
The Han used three ministries from Qin:
military, civil service, and censorate
Indian culture's literature were from the Vedas, written down in..
What new inventions came about in the Han Empire?
textile manufactoring, watermills, iron casting which led to steel, paper, rudder, force-aft-rigging
The discovery of terra-cotta army was found where?
The Qin Dynasty
true or False: The Han Dynasty introducced the Civil service examination?
Peasants had to sell land in the Han Dynast. What were they forced to become?
tenant farmers because aristocrats held most of the land
What is the main language of Latin America?
How did the Han Empire fall?
weak rulers busied with court life, wealthy families took over lands, nomadic raids, wars, peasant uprisings, and they went into civil war.
Cubans had what kind of system?
encomienda-same idea as mercantilism
Amazon River BaSIN includes what?
Amazon Rainforest and River
Who was Battista and who was Castro?
B: dictator. C: rebel,communist, and tried to overthrow Batista
The Monroe Doctrine stated what?
U.S interests should dominate not spain
What was the Platt Amendment?
extension of Monroe Doctrine. Cuba is independent but not really. It was put into the Cuban Constitution
What are the largest mountion ranges of Latin America?
Andes, Sierra Madre Occidental and Oriental.
Battista was liked by the U.S and disliked by
the Cubans because of the gap between rich and poor
Castro followed whose ways?
What dynasty followed the Qin dynasty and who founded it?
The Han and Liu Bang
What is Gunboat diplomacy?
military focre, to stabalize, remove unfriendly partires, and keep friendly parties in power
What was the Dollar Diplomacy?
protect U.S investments, support pro-US factions, and lure countries to our side
Which empire captured nobles and war leaders as human sacrifices to the gods?
How did the Qin dynasty fall?
emperor angered many chinese and dynasty was overthrown after a civil war
What were major religious beliefs of the Mayans?
all life was in the hands of divine powers, polythesistic with supreme od-Itzamna, human sacrifices
What happened during the Spanish American War?
over Cuba. U.S defeated Spain and seizes the Spanish land
What was the basis of state philosophy in the Han Dynasty?
The Great Wall was used to keep what people out?
Great wall also known as
The Wall of Ten thousand Li
What did Qin Shihangdi do?
unified Chinese world- created a monetary system and and stystem of road that led from the capital,Xianyang. he was aggressive in foreign affairs, extended Chineses border to Red River
What were the two calendars used in the Mayan empire?
solar calendar is used for farming and harvesting and sacred calender is for when to do religious ceremonies
What was the capital city of Inca?
The Maya were located in
the Ugantin Peninsula-Southern Mexico
Who was the founder of the Inca empire?
The Aztec religious belief was
polytheistic. religion based on a struggle of good and evil throughout the universe
Which people were famous for the Machu Pichu?
system of knots tied on woven strings to record history
What was the population of the Aztec made up of?
monarch assited by a council of Lords, commoners(farmers), indentured workers, slaves
Inca used what for writting?
The Aztec were located in what part of Latin America?
What exactly is Machu Picchu?
small abandoned city that demonstrates the architectural skill. built on a hill above the Urubamba river
The Inca were located where?
How were the Inca conquered?
by Spanish who brought chicken pox
The Macchu Picchud contained what and was used for what?
contained zoo buildings and used as a solar observatory
The language of the Inca was