|The legal relationship that exists between the nurse and the patient is influenced by:||The existing laws, rules, and regulations that govern nursing.|
|There are two basic categories of law:||Criminal and civil|
| Laws of both types are established in one of two ways: |
Develop statutory law, Common Law.
|(1) federal, state, and local governments develop statutory law; and (2) common law, or case law, evolves in response to specific legal questions that come before the court and usually follows precedent (previous rulings on an issue).|
|Civil litigation||A law suit in a civil court|
|The plaintiff||The complaining party|