What year did the Hazardous Communication Standard take effect?
What does MSDS stand for & where is it kept?
Material Safety Data Sheet. Kept in a file at the place of employment so employees can review & refer to them at any time.
Formaldehyde exposure causes the symptoms of...
throat irritation, dry cracking skin, dermatitis, skin sensitization, irritation of the mucosa of the eyes, nose & throat, swelling of the eye lids, respiratory disorders
Slight eye irritation can occur between what minimal ppm of formaldehyde?
.1 ppm, but usually at .05 - .5 ppm
At what ppm is formaldehyde dangerous to life and health?
at or above 100 ppm
Give the formaldehyde rule code name & its effective revised year
OSHA 29 CFR 1910.1048 revised February 2, 1988
Which one of these potential health hazards is not of acute or sudden effect?
Chronic or long term effects could include carciongenicity (potential cancer in human lungs, nasopharynx & nasal passage), toxicity (asthma or bronchitis) & mutagenicity
What is the volume & weight percentage for formaldehyde gas solution?
40% HCHO by volume or 37% by weight
What does STEL stand for?
Short Term Exposure Limit
An eyewash station is required at what level of formaldehyde usage?
Not emptying fluid bottles is a control to reduce exposure to formaldehyde.
According to the formaldehyde rule, dermal exposure causes throat irritation, highly poisonous and will cause death.
Only some containers of hazardous material must be marked with the name as it appears on the MSDS.
The Hazardous Communication Standard applies only to some employers, depending on how many employees there are.
Carcinogenicity causes cancer in the small intestine only.
MSDS stands for Material Safety Data Sheet
Complete documentation of the federal hazardous rule is required.
Employees who suffer significant adverse effects from formaldehyde exposure must be removed to jobs with less exposure until their condition improves.
Paraformaldehyde is ...
Polymer of formaldehyde
OSHA allows how many parts per million as a time-weighted average?
Formaldehyde gas in water is composed of 47% HCHO by volume or 30% by weight.
Employees must never report to their employers any signs or symptoms of potential overexposure.
Annual monitoring is recommended to maintain for low long?
Record Keeping: exposure monitoring is to occur annually & records must be for ...
It's good work practice to use high water pressure when rinsing infected blood from the embalming table.
In the embalming of the entire body, drainage can be controlled by using a closed system from the vein to the disposal system.
Since formaldehyde gas is heavier than air, the exhaust should be at the head and above the level of the top of the table.
Exposure determination: employer is to attempt to reduce exposure to or below 0.5 ppm over eight hour period.
Cap all unused bottles.
Ammonia is known to neutralize formaldehyde.
Each container in a mortuary should be labeled.
Give one of the non-legal definitions of embalming
Embalming is a process of chemically treating the dead human body to reduce the presence and growth of microorganisms, to temporarily retard organic decomposition and to attempt to restore an acceptable physical (natural) appearance.
State of CA legal definition of embalming
A procedure which disinfects or preserves dead human bodies by the injection or external application of antiseptics, disinfectants, or preservative fluids.
What is meant by the terms life-like and natural as they are referenced to the purpose of embalming?
Not meant to look as if alive