A Roman historian who presented the facts accurately. He wrote about the good and the bad of imperial Rome in his Annals and Histories.
Roman biographer, wrote about an incident that took place in Rome during the reign of Emperor Claudius
Pliny the Younger
a masterful an prolific letter writer in ancient Rome, legate to Bithynia from AD 111-113
Jewish Historian, commanded the Jewish forces in Galilee during the first Jewish Revolt, wrote The Jewish Wars and a twenty-volume history of the Jews, the Jewish Antiquities- tried to prove to the Romans and to the Jew hating emperor Domitian that the Jews were a noble people, mentioned John the Baptist, account of the Palestinian rule of Pontius Pilate
translated the entire Bible into Latin-Vulgate-meaning "common", took place in 383-384 at the request of Pope Damasus who wanted the sacred scripture to be in Latin, the common language of the day, Vulgate became the Church's official translation of the Bible from the original languages
Hebrew for the covenant with the Chosen People was a special kind of contract marked by loving kindness
refers to the Holy Spirit teaching truth through the Bible without destroying the free and personal activity of the human writer, how the holy spirit inspired writers
The five New Testament epistles (James, I and II Peter, I John, and Jude) that were addressed to the universal church rather than to particular Christian communities, universal letters
one of the forms of narrative found in the gospels, healing, exorcism, nature, and raising from the dead
a short allegorical story designed to illustrate or teach some truth, religious principle, or moral lesson, a vivid story to convey a religious truth
the Latin version of the Bible, prepared chiefly by Saint Jerome at the end of the 4th century a.d., and used as the authorized version of the Roman Catholic Church, means "common"
a representation of an abstract or spiritual meaning through concrete or material forms; figurative treatment of one subject under the guise of another, more symbolic sayings
an extravagant statement or figure of speech not intended to be taken literally, as "to wait an eternity"
Gospel of Thomas
example to show a gospel not included, how to be a gospel- wide spread acceptance, conformity to the rule of faith, apostolic origin
formation of the Gospels
The life, mission and resurrection of Jesus, The post-resurrection teaching of the apostles, The actual writing of the gospels by the evangelists.
to discover the biblical author's intended meaning, used to analyze the bible not criticize
tries to determine what source or sources the gospel and other New Testament writers used to compose their works, the synoptic gospels, Mark, Mathew- contains 80% of Mark, Luke- contains 50% of Mark, Q
discovers the literal sense- what did the evangelist really want to say, what is reported about Jesus- can it be traced back to him, linguistic analysis- language, originality-"criterion of dissimilarity", convergence- Mathew and Luke birth of Jesus- come together, consistency- if they are consistent in the gospel it is real
helps us read the gospels intelligently, helps us understand what kind of writing we are dealing with, genre, type of writing
to edit, original authors and editors, evangelists as editors, tries to discover the particular theological slant or insight of the given writer and how this influenced his arrangement of the material, wrote for an audience, each had a theological theme
Audience of each
Mathew- Jewish-Christians, Mark- local church that experienced great suffering, Luke-Gentile-Christians, John- various churches around the Roman empire