Southeast Asia and the Pacific World

34 terms by lyneaw Teacher

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indigenous

native, original to a certain area

how people from China and India moved into SE Asia

on railroads and roads built by Europeans to carry crops to port cities for exports

the problem caused by immigrants into SE Asia

immigrants ignored indigenous cultures

heterogeneous

lack of similarity; mixture

two countries whose heterogeneity is a challenge

Indonesia (250 languages) and Philippines (70 languages)

barbarian

someone without manners or civilized customs

what China considers foreigners to be

barbarians

paddies

wet land on which Southeast Asia grows rice

Europeans cleared forests in SE Asia to create these

rice paddies and plantations for coffee, tea, tobacco and rubber

doi moi

a program of economic change that Vietnam began in 1986

how doi moi has affected Vietnam's relationship with other countries

the US, a former enemy, signed a trade agreement with Vietnam

this country is the world's second largest exporter of rice because of doi moi

Vietnam

aborigine

the first Australians; were hunters and gatherers

lagoon

shallow body of water with an outlet to the ocean

the largest coral reef in the world

the Great Barrier Reef off the coast of Australia

cyclone

hurricane

cyclones have leveled Darwin, the capital of

Australia's Northern Territory

outback

Australian wilderness

the first persons to live in Australia's outback

the Aborigines

artesian well

deep well drilled into groundwater

how the Australian cattle industry waters their cattle

artesian wells

geyser

hots springs that shoot jets of steam and heated water into the air

what invites the tourist industry into New Zealand

volcanoes and geysers

Trust Territory

land supervised by a nation that does not own it

2 trust territories overseen by the United States

Guam and American Samoa

crevasse

a dangerous large crack in glacial ice

what provides the most convenient route into the interior of Antarctica

glaciers (beware the crevasse!)

ice shelf

permanent extensions of ice extending from slowly moving glaciers

large ice shelves cover these two seas

Ross and Weddell

pack ice

what fringes most of the Antarctic continent; can extend more than 1,000 miles from land's edge

convergence zone

place where cold waters around Antarctica meet warmer waters of Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans

what causes severe storms along Antarctica's coastline

the convergence zone

krill

small shrimplike creatures that are food for whales and fish

where krill live

in the convergence zone

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