# H-L's Art I Final

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High School Art I finalterms covering Elements of Art and Principles of Design. The definitions are from our classroom book, Rosalind Ragans ARTTALK.

### What are the Elements of Art?

Line, Shape, Form, Color, Space, Value & Texture

### What is a line?

A mark made with a pointed, moving tool.

### What are the 5 Types of Line?

Vertical, Horizontal, Diagonal, Curved, Zig Zag

### What are the ways to Vary a Line?

Length, Width, Texture, Direction, Degree of Curve, Color

### What is Value?

The art element that refers to darkness or light.

### Name 5 ways to Create Value?

Values may be created by shading, crosshatching, hatching, stippling, or scribbling.

### What is a shape?

A two-dimensional (2-D) area that is defined in some way. Its two dimensions are height and width.

### What are the general categories of shape?

Geometric or Free-form/Organic

### What are geometric shapes?

Precise shapes that can be described using mathematical formulas. i.e. square, triangle, circle.

### What are free form (aka organic) shapes?

Irregular and uneven shapes. Their outlines may be curved, angular or a combination of both. They often occur in nature and may be silhouettes of living things, such as animals, people or plants.

### What are forms?

Objects having three dimensions (3-D). Like shapes they have height and width, but they also have depth. i.e. sphere, cube, cone, pyramid.

### What is space?

The emptiness or area between, around, above, below or within objects.

### What are the two general types of space?

Positive Space and Negative Space

### What is positive space?

This is the space occupied by the objects within a work of art.

### What is Negative Space?

The empty spaces around or between the objects in a work of art.

### What is Texture?

The element of art that refers to how things feel or how they look as if they might feel.

### What is color?

The element of art that is derived from reflected light. You see this element because light waves are reflected from objects to your eyes.

### What are the 4 properties of color?

Hue, Intensity, Value, Temperature

### What is hue?

The name of a color, such as red, blue or yellow.

### What is intensity?

Brightness or dullness of a color.

### What is the value of a color?

The amount of light a color reflects. Yellow is the the lightest hue and violet is the darkest hue. The value of any hue can be changed by adding black or white. A lighter value is called a tint. A darker value is called a shade.

### What is the temperature of color?

Colors are divided into two groups called warm and cool. Warm colors are red, orange and yellow - like fire or sunshine. Cool colors are blue, green and violet - like water, ice, snow or grass.

### What are color schemes?

Plans for organizing colors into groups.

### What is a monochromatic color scheme?

Mono - one; chrome - color. This color scheme uses only one hue and the values of that hue.

### What are complementary colors?

The strongest contrast of a hue is produced by pairing complementary colors. These colors are directly across from each other on the color wheel. i.e. red and green, blue and orange, yellow and violet.

### What is a triadic color scheme?

Using colors that form a equilateral triangle on the color wheel.

### What is an analagous color scheme?

Colors that are side by side on the color wheel. i.e. violet, red-violet and red.

### What are the primary colors?

Red, Blue and Yellow. These colors cannot be made, but they can be mixed to make all the other colors on the color wheel.

### What are the secondary colors?

Orange, Green and Violet. These are made by mixing 2 primary colors.

### What are tertiary or intermediate colors?

Each is a combination of a Primary and Secondary Colors. In naming them, the primary color name always comes first.
Yellow-Green, Yellow-Orange, Red-Orange, Red-Violet, Blue-Green, Blue-Violet.

### What are the neutral colors?

Colors that are not on the color wheel; grayscale colors - black to white and browns.

### What are the principles of design?

These are ways of arranging the elements of art to create different visual effects. Rhythm and Movement, Balance, Proportion, Variety, Unity and Emphasis/Focal Point.

### What is proportion?

The principle of design that is concerned with the size relationship of one part to another.

Yellow

Violet

### What are the 6 cool colors on the color wheel?

yellow-green, green, blue-green, blue, blue-violet, violet

### What are the 6 warm colors on the color wheel?

yellow, yellow-orange, orange, red-orange, red, red-violet

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