T/F Most large families in New England had little need for indentured servants or slaves
T/F Some historians believe the Salem witchcraft trials occurred because men did not want women to be independent
T/F Most of the men in the Virginia colony were married
T/F The Chesapeake planters preferred indentured servants to slaves
T/F The slaves on South Carolina's rice plantations retained more of their African traditions than did slaves in other areas
T/F The Georgia colony failed as a social experiment
T/F Most merchants supported the policy of mercantilism
T/F The Great Awakening sparked the growth of many new Protestant churches
T/F The Pilgrims were the least radical of the Puritans
T/F The Puritans believed in predestination
What document established a self-governing colony based on the majority rule of male church members?
Who claimed to receive religious insights directly from God?
What planter organized an army of Western settlers and attacked American Indians on the frontier?
What were the series of religious revivals that swept through the British colonies in the mid 1700s?
What era followed the death of Oliver Cromwell, during which power of the English monarchy increased?
What is considered to be the world's first written constitution?
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
What colony began as a Holy Experiment?
Who was referred to as King Phillip by the English?
Who explored the Mississippi River in the late 1600s?
Rene-Robert de La Salle
Who was the cabinet minister who assumed full control of Great Britain's war efforts during the French and Indian War?
What was George Washington's attitude about being president?
He doubted his abilities
What did the first act of Congress, passing the Bill of Rights, do?
protected individual liberties
What did the Judiciary Act of 1789 do?
established a federal court system
What was not an initial cabinet department?
What did the Treaty of Greenville do?
gave the United States much of the American Indian land in Ohio and Indiana
What did Alexander Hamilton believe the United States should do?
pay off all its debts
What did Alexander Hamilton not do after the Revolutionary war?
issue U.S. savings bonds
What does strict construction mean?
do only what is stated in the Constitution
What was the Whiskey Rebellion?
a protest against whiskey taxes
What is capitalism?
an economic system based on private ownership
T/F Several European nations declared war on France in 1792, during the French Revolution, because the nations feared France would soon attack them
T/F The French Revolution hurt the United States because it affected trade
T/F Impressment was the British policy of kidnapping American ships and forcing sailors to become British citizens
T/F Great Britain seized over 250 American ships, which angered the United States
T/F Jay's Treaty did not stop Britain from impressing American sailors
T/F Sectionalism referred to all groups of people agreeing to work for the common good of the nation
T/F The first two political parties in the United States were made up of the Republicans and the Democrats
T/F Johns Adams became the second president of the United States
T/F The XYZ Affair prompted the United States to prepare for war with France
T/F Many Americans viewed the Alien and Sedition Acts as threats to their individual rights
What was a result of French people being angered by economic difficulties, high taxes, and a lack of compassion from the king and queen?
What is impressment?
Britain's policy of kidnapping American sailors and forcing them to serve in the British navy
Who is Citizen Genet?
he tried to persuade Americans to honor their 1778 military alliance treaty with France
What is sectionalism?
having loyalty to a particular part of the country
Who were members of the Federalist party?
church leaders, lawyers, manufacturers, and merchants
Who were members of the Democratic-Republican party?
artisans, planters, small farmers, tradespeople, wage earners, and workers
Which president was John Adams?
Who was John Adam's vice president?
Who decided whether Thomas Jefferson or Aaron Burr should be president in the election of 1800 that ended in a tie?
House of Representatives
What did the 12th amendment do when it was passed?
forced electors to vote for president and vice president on separate ballots
Whose animosity led to a pistol duel between them?
Burr and Hamilton
What is judicial review and who developed it?
it gave the courts the power to declare laws unconstitutional, judge john marshall
What landmark case established the supreme court as the final interpreter of the constitution?
Marbury vs. Madison
Who did the United States purchase the Louisiana Purchase from?
Who did President Jefferson have explore the lands of the Louisiana Purchase?
Lewis and Clark
What American Indian aided Lewis and Clark?
Who inspired Americans to venture west?
What happened to the United States after the Louisiana Purchase?
it doubled the size and helped promote national unity
stopped shipment of all American products to foreign parts
Treaty of Ghent
agreement that ended the War of 1812
Battle of Tippecanoe
battle in which the United States defeated American Indians in Indiana Territory
law that stopped all U.S. trading with Great Britain and France
Francis Scott Key
Wrote the Star Spangled Banner
Orders in Council
British law that forbade neutral vessels from trading with France
Battle of the Thames
War of 1812 battle in which the United States defeated the British in Canada
American Indian leader who organized tribes in an effort to hold on to Indian lands
Battle of New Orleans
final U.S. victory in the War of 1812
meeting o New England Federalists who considered disbanding from the United States
During the war of 1812, how was the flow of European products to the United States changed?
it greatly slowed down
What was the Tariff Act of 1816?
placed a 25 percent duty on most imported factory goods
Who did the Tariff Act post a conflict between?
Southern planters and northern manufacturers
What was the Cumberland Road later called?
What did President Madison do to the bill that called for government funding of roads and canals?
What were the components of the Panic of 1819?
bank failures, falling land prices, and foreclosures
What were the results of the Industrial Revolution?
allowed for the mass production of goods and employed the use of interchangeable parts
What were the results of the Market Revolution?
increased farmers' profits, liked small towns to larger towns which increased the size of towns
How many slave states were there after the Missouri compromise?
How many free states were there after the Missouri Compromise?
How many slave states were north of the Missouri Compromise line?
T/F Simon Bolivar helped win independence for Venezuela in 1821
T/F Henry Clay created the economic plan called the American System
T/F "Clinton's big ditch" referred to the Panama Canal
T/F The industrial revolution began in the United States in the mid 1700s
T/F The panic of 1819 weakened the Era of Good Feelings
T/F Andrew Jackson was nicknamed "Old Hickory" because his desk in the oval office was made from hickory wood
T/F The Cherokee wrote a constitution modeled after that of the United States
T/F The second Seminole war was short lived
T/F The United States gained much territory as a result of the War of 1812
T/F By the 1820s, many government officials wanted to move all American Indians to lands beyond the U.S. borders
Who designed and constructed a power loom to produce cotton textiles?
Francis Cabot Lowell
What is favoring native-born American over foreign-born Americans?
Who are the Know-Nothings?
nickname for the American Party
made up the majority of southern white society
textile mill worker who urged co-workers to form a union
Sarah G. Bagely
led a violent slave uprising in Southampton County, Virginia
most famous conductor on the Underground Railroad
developed a mechanical reaper
free African American carpenter who planned a massive slave uprising in the Charleston area
In northern society, what new social class developed in the early 1800s?
Where did most Irish immigrants in the mid-1800s settle?
in city slums
Why did most of the German immigrants in the mid-1800s come to the United States?
What percent of New England factory workers were children in 1832?
What was the central belief of the slaves' religion?
that they were God's chosen people
What religion were most of the German immigrants?
When did southern farmers first begin growing cotton?
the late 1600s
What percent of southern whites owned slaves before the civil war?