Zoology

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47 terms · Unit test study guide.

List in order the taxonomic classification system developed by Linneaus.

Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Order
Family
Genus
Species
(Kings Play Chess On Fine Gold Silk)

Name birds that do not fly.

Ostrich, loon, emu, penguin

What is the skeleton of a sponge composed of?

Spongin

OF ALL the phyla studied, which have the powers on regeneration? (7)

1. Echinodermata
2. Annelida
3. Platylhelminthes
4. Porifera
5. Nematoda
6. Chordata
7. Cnidaria

Name the 3 parts of a feather.

Shaft, vane, barb(barbules)

Which phylum is made up of entirely of parasites?

Nematoda

Which phyla has organisms possessing bilateral symmetry?(5)

1. Platyhelminthes
2. Nematoda
3. Annelida
4. Arthropoda
5. Mollusca

Give the names of the phyla possessing hermaphroditic organisms. (3)

1. Platyhelminthes
2. Annelida
3. Porifera

How does one contract trichinosis?

By eating undercooked pork

List and give an example of the 3 types of mammal repro.

1. Monotreme = oviporous = lay eggs = playpus
2. Marsupial = pouch = kangaroo
3. Placental = embryo develops in uterus = humans

How many equal parts of the starfish body made of?

5

Give the scientific name for the arm of a starfish.

Ray

Which parts of the starfish are needed in order for the organism.

At least one. (Ray)

How does the starfish respire?

Gills

Which structure is found at the tips of each ray of the starfish?

Eye spots

Name an organism that is asymmetrical.

Sponge, snail

Name the 3 classes of the Phylum Mollusca. (use scientific names)

Gastropoda, Cephalopoda, pelecypoda

Name the 3 body parts of the clam.

Head, foot, mantle, visceral mass

Which structure secretes the clam shell?

mantle

Name the classes possessing an open circulatory system. (5)

1. Insecta
2. Crustecea
3. Pelecypoda
4. Gastropoda
5. Arachnida

How many pairs of appendages does the crayfish have?

19 prs.

List the 2 body regions of the crayfish.

1. Cepholothorax
2. Abdomen

3 Body regions of an insect

1. head
2. thorax
3. abdomen

What is chiton?

compound making up exoskeleton of arthropods

What are the 2 types of metamorphosis, list the stages, & give an example of each type

complete= egg, larva, pupa, adult = butterfly
imcomplete= egg, nymph, adult = grasshopper

What type of eyes & how many of each do the insects have?

5 eyes, 3 simple, 2 compound

What are the tree subphyla of the Phlyum Chordata?

tunicata, lancelets, vertebrata

what are the characteristics that separate chordates from all other animals?

notochord, postnatal tail, nerve cord, gill slits

list the 10 systems found in chordates

1. digestive
2. respiratory
3. nervous
4. circulatory
5. integumentry
6. endocrine
7. skeletal
8. repro
9. muscular
10. excretory

List the 5prs. of fins found on a bony fish & give the function of each.

dorsal - protect
caudol - propulsion
pectoral - steering
pelvic - balance
anul - balance

how many aortic arches in a earthworm?

5pr.

list the digestive system of an earthworm

prostomium -> mouth -> pharynx -> esophagus -> crop -> gizzard -> intestine -> anus

list the 5 characteristics of a mammal

endothermic, hair/fur, produce milk, care for young, teeth

name the 4 types of scales found in the class Osteichthyes

placoid, ganoid, cycloid, cteniod

name the 3 conditions that control the sex hormones & spawning in fish

H2O temp., amount of daylight, amount of food

how many chambers in the hearts of a:
Fish?
Reptile?
Amphibian?
Bird?
Mammal?

Fish = 2
Reptile = 3 (except for crocs = 4)
Amphibian = 3
Bird = 4
Mammal = 4

name & give an example of the 3 types of bony fish

lobefinned = coelcanth
rayfinned = bass
lungfinned = grunion

Describe the teeth of herbivores, carnivores, & omnivores. How are their teeth adapted to their diet?

Herbivores = incisors = plant
carnivores = k9's, premolars/molars = meat
omnivores = all types = plant & meat

give the order names for mammals & an example of each(12)

1. rodentia = rat
2. chiroptera = bat
3. insectivora = aardvark
4. carnivora = tiger
5. primata = ape/gorilla
6. artiodactyla = pig, cow, giraffe
7. cetecea = whale
8. langomorpha = bunny
9. pinnipedia = sealion
10. edentata = anteater
11. perissodactyla = zebra, rhino
12. proboscidea = elephant

explain why most birds eat nuts, berries, insects, nectar, meat

they are high in energy - need energy to fly

name the 2 types of feathers found on a bird & the function of each

contour - strong, lightweight, colored = for flying
down - insulate

what does Platyhelminthes mean?

flat worm

what does Nematoda mean?

round worm

what does Annelida mean?

little rings

what does Echinodermata mean?

spiny skin

what does Arthopoda mean?

jointed foot

what does Amphibia mean?

double life

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