HISTORY EXAM: CHAPTER 26

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at the tehran conference, stalin, roosevelt, and churchill agreed

To a participation of postwar Germany

although hitler rose to power in Germany his actual birthplace was in

Austria

in december 1936, chiang kai-shek ended his military efforts against communists and

Formed a front against japan

hitler was confident that the western states who had signed the treaty of versailles would

Not use force to maintain it

at ___ heroic efforts by the british royal navy and civilians in private boats managed to evacuate 338,000 allied troops

Dunkirk

at the beginning of 1943, the allies agreed to seek form the axis powers nothing short of

Unconditional surrender

hitlers goal was to create a

Third reich, or german empire

truman wanted to avoid an invasion of japan because he believed that

Americans would suffer heavy losses.

lenin intended his economic policies to

Allow the economy to re-build itself

hitler demanded and was given, what area in northwestern Czechoslovakia

Sudetenland

japan had conquered southeast asia during WWII using the slogan

"Asia for the Asiatics"

Some people did not believe or acknowledge the full horrors of Hilters slaughter of civilians for all of the reasons EXCEPT one

Collaborators refused to help the nazis hunt down jews

hitler inaccurately associated the concept of an a the concept of an Aryan race will all of the following except

Jews

on December 7, 1941 japanese

Launched a surprise attack on the us pacific fleet pearl harbor

parliamentary systems failed in most eastern european states, in part, because

These systems had little democratic tradition

the kristallnacht which happened on november 9, 1938 was

A destructive rampage against german jews led by nazis.

the tehran conference in 1943 set in motion a plan that would ultimately result in

Germany being divided along a north-south line into east and west

The ___ was the period of political tension following WWII

Cold War

Stalin wanted to create a buffer to protect the Soviet Union from the West by creating

Satellite, pro-Soviet state governments

Japanese leaders miscalculated American intent and thought that the US would accept

Japanese domination of the Pacific

Hitler ended Germany's economic woes, unemployment, and the depression by

Public works projects and a rearmament program

Franco's military regime in Spain was supported by

Germany and Italy

The victims of the Holocaust included large numbers of all of the following groups EXCEPT

Italians

The turning point of the war in Asia that established US naval superiority over Japan in the Pacific was the Battle of

Midway Island

Churchill called postwar Soviet policy in Eastern Europe the

"Iron Curtain"

Two days after Hitler's invasion of ___ Britain and France declared war on Germany

Poland

When the Einsatzgruppen proved to be too slow for the Nazis they

Built special extermination camps in Poland

___ administered the Nazi's Final Solution

Reinhard Heydrich

At the Potsdam Conference, Truman demanded ___ throughout Eastern Europe

Freely elected governments

At the Yalta Conference, the Allies agreed to

The establishment of a United Nations organization after the war.

In order to address labor shortages during the war, Japan

Brought in Korean and Chinese laborers

Hitler's right of superior nations to "living space"

Lebensraum

Great Britain's policy of ___ toward Germany was based on the belief that the satisfaction of reasonable demands would maintain peace in Europe.

Appeasement

Hitler's blitzkrieg, or "lightning war" was

A form of attack that used tank divisions supported by air attacks

Chamberlain's Munich Conference with Hitler in 1938 resulted in Britain

Feeling that peace was secured

The ___ were special strike forces charged with the task of rounding up and killing the Jews.

Einsatzgruppen

Stalin's Five Year Plans were based on all of the following EXCEPT

Communism

Which country was referred to as the "soft underbelly" of Europe by Winston Churchill

Italy

After 1941, Germany ruled some areas like Poland through direct annexation, but most of occupied Europe was run by German officials with

Local collaborators

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