Financial Accounting and Standards

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Users of financial reports include all of the following except
a. creditors.
b. government agencies.
c. unions.
d. All of these are users.

d

The financial statements most frequently provided include all of the following except the
a. balance sheet.
b. income statement.
c. statement of cash flows.
d. statement of retained earnings

d

The information provided by financial reporting pertains to
a. individual business enterprises, rather than to industries or an economy as a whole or to members of society as consumers.
b. business industries, rather than to individual enterprises or an economy as a whole or to members of society as consumers.
c. individual business enterprises, industries, and an economy as a whole, rather than to members of society as consumers.
d. an economy as a whole and to members of society as consumers, rather than to individual enterprises or industries.

a

Whether a business is successful and thrives is determined by
a. markets.
b. free enterprise.
c. competition.
d. all of these.

d

An effective capital allocation process
a. promotes productivity.
b. encourages innovation.
c. provides an efficient market for buying and selling securities.
d. all of these.

d

Financial statements in the early 2000s provide information related to
a. non-financial measurements.
b. forward-looking data.
c. hard assets (inventory and plant assets).
d. none of these

c

Which of the following statements is not an objective of financial reporting?
a. Provide information that is useful in investment and credit decisions.
b. Provide information about enterprise resources, claims to those resources, and changes to them.
c. Provide information on the liquidation value of an enterprise.
d. Provide information that is useful in assessing cash flow prospects.

c

A common set of accounting standards and procedures are called
a. financial accounting standards.
b. generally accepted accounting principles.
c. objectives of financial reporting.
d. statements of financial accounting concepts

b

The role of the Securities and Exchange Commission in the formulation of accounting principles can be best described as
a. consistently primary.
b. consistently secondary.
c. sometimes primary and sometimes secondary.
d. non-existent.

c

The body that has the power to prescribe the accounting practices and standards to be employed by companies that fall under its jurisdiction is the
a. FASB.
b. AICPA.
c. SEC.
d. APB.

c

Companies that are listed on a stock exchange are required to submit their financial statements to the
a. AICPA.
b. APB
c. FASB.
d. SEC.

d

The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) was proposed by the
a. American Institute of Certified Public Accountants.
b. Accounting Principles Board.
c. Study Group on the Objectives of Financial Statements.
d. Special Study Group on establishment of Accounting Principles (Wheat Committee).

d

The Financial Accounting Standards Board
a. has issued a series of pronouncements entitled Statements on Auditing Standards.
b. was the forerunner of the current Accounting Principles Board.
c. is the arm of the Securities and Exchange Commission responsible for setting financial accounting standards.
d. is appointed by the Financial Accounting Foundation.

d

The Financial Accounting Foundation
a. oversees the operations of the FASB.
b. oversees the operations of the AICPA.
c. provides information to interested parties on financial reporting issues.
d. works with the Financial Accounting Standards Advisory Council to provide information to interested parties on financial reporting issues.

a

The major distinction between the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) and its predecessor, the Accounting Principles Board (APB), is
a. the FASB issues exposure drafts of proposed standards.
b. all members of the FASB are fully remunerated, serve full time, and are independent of any companies or institutions.
c. all members of the FASB possess extensive experience in financial reporting.
d. a majority of the members of the FASB are CPAs drawn from public practice.

b

The Financial Accounting Standards Board employs a "due process" system which
a. is an efficient system for collecting dues from members.
b. enables interested parties to express their views on issues under consideration.
c. identifies the accounting issues that are the most important.
d. requires that all accountants must receive a copy of financial standards.

b

Which of the following is not a publication of the FASB?
a. Statements of Financial Accounting Concepts
b. Accounting Research Bulletins
c. Interpretations
d. Technical Bulletins

b

FASB Technical Bulletins
a. are similar to FASB Interpretations in that they establish enforceable standards under the AICPA's Code of Professional Ethics.
b. are issued monthly by the FASB to deal with current topics.
c. are not expected to have a significant impact on financial reporting in general and provide guidance when it does not conflict with any broad fundamental accounting principle.
d. were recently discontinued by the FASB because they dealt with specialized topics having little impact on financial reporting in general.

c

The purpose of the Emerging Issues Task Force is to
a. develop a conceptual framework as a frame of reference for the solution of future problems.
b. lobby the FASB on issues that affect a particular industry.
c. do research on issues that relate to long-term accounting problems.
d. issue statements which reflect a consensus on how to account for new and unusual financial transactions that need to be resolved quickly.

d

The Governmental Accounting Standards Board
a. oversees the activities of the SEC.
b. is a private-sector body, which addresses state and local governmental reporting issues.
c. is a division of the Securities and Exchange Commission, which oversees the corporate accounting in annual reports.
d. was terminated when the Financial Accounting Standards Board was created.

b

The Governmental Accounting Standards Board's main purpose is to develop standards for
a. the General Accounting Office.
b. the Federal government.
c. state and local government.
d. the Internal Revenue Service.

c

Which of the following organizations has not been instrumental in the development of financial accounting standards in the United States?
a. AICPA
b. FASB
c. IASB
d. SEC

c

An organization that has not published accounting standards is the
a. American Institute of Certified Public Accountants.
b. Securities and Exchange Commission.
c. Financial Accounting Standards Board.
d. All of these have published accounting standards.

d

Generally accepted accounting principles
a. include detailed practices and procedures as well as broad guidelines of general application.
b. are influenced by pronouncements of the SEC and IRS.
c. change over time as the nature of the business environment changes.
d. all of these.

d

The most significant current source of generally accepted accounting principles is the
a. AICPA.
b. SEC.
c. APB.
d. FASB

d

The most authoritative category of generally accepted accounting principles includes all of the following except
a. Accounting Research Bulletins.
b. APB Opinions.
c. FASB Standards.
d. FASB Technical Bulletins.

d

Which of the following is not a part of generally accepted accounting principles?
a. FASB Interpretations
b. CAP Accounting Research Bulletins
c. APB Opinions
d. All of these are part of generally accepted accounting principles.

d

Which of the following publications does not qualify as a statement of generally accepted accounting principles?
a. Statements of financial standards issued by the FASB
b. Accounting interpretations issued by the FASB
c. APB Opinions
d. Accounting research studies issued by the AICPA

d

Financial accounting standard-setting in the United States
a. can be described as a social process which reflects political actions of various interested user groups as well as a product of research and logic.
b. is based solely on research and empirical findings.
c. is a legalistic process based on rules promulgated by governmental agencies.
d. is democratic in the sense that a majority of accountants must agree with a standard before it becomes enforceable

a

The purpose of the International Accounting Standards Board is to
a. issue enforceable standards which regulate the financial accounting and reporting of multinational corporations.
b. develop a uniform currency in which the financial transactions of companies throughout the world would be measured.
c. promote uniform accounting standards among countries of the world.
d. arbitrate accounting disputes between auditors and international companies.

c

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