Vocabulary Workshop Level E Units 1-15

300 terms by Awyeah

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abrasive

(adj.) causing irritation, harsh; grinding or wearing down; (n.) a substance used to smooth or polish

acclimate

(v.) to adapt a new climate, environment, or situation

chagrin

(n.) irritation or humiliation caused by disappointment or frustration; (v.) to cause such a feeling

complacent

(adj.) self-satisfied; overly content

concur

(v.) to express agreement, approve

defamation

(n.) slander or libel

explicate

(v.) to make plain or clear, explain; to interpret

fracas

(n.) noisy quarrel or brawl

grotesque

(adj.) unnatural, distorted; bizarre

pandemonium

(n.) a wild uproar, din, or commotion

raucous

(adj.) disagreeably harsh-sounding; disorderly

receptive

(adj.) open and responsive to ideas or suggestions

renounce

(v.) to give up or resign something

repress

(v.) to hold back; to put down or check by force

reticent

(adj.) not inclined to speak; reserved; reluctant

savory

(adj.) tasty, appetizing; pungent or salty, not sweet; inoffensive, respectable

somnolent

(adj.) sleepy, drowsy; inducing sleep

vehement

(adj.) intense, forceful, powerful

voluble

(adj.) characterized by a ready flow of words; glib, fluent

zealous

(adj.) eager, earnest, devoted

alacrity

(n.) a cheerful readiness; brisk and eager action

alleviate

(v.) to relieve, make more bearable

antithesis

(n.) the direct opposite, a sharp contrast

appall

(v.) to fill with dismay or horror

bellicose

(adj.) warlike in manner or temperament; quarrelsome

disparage

(v.) to belittle, speak slightingly of; to undervalue

dissonant

(adj.) not in harmony; disagreeing, at odds

droll

(adj.) amusingly odd

edict

(n.) an order issued by someone in authority

elucidate

(v.) to clarify, explain

laud

(v.) to praise

loll

(v.) to act in a lazy manner; to lounge; to recline, droop

loquacious

(adj.) talkative, wordy; fond of talking

magnanimous

(adj.) generous in forgiving, above small meanness

mandatory

(adj.) required, obligatory

nondescript

(adj.) ordinary, not outstanding; not easily classified

phlegmatic

(adj.) slow-moving, sluggish; unemotional

rescind

(v.) to repeal, cancel

vivacious

(adj.) lively, sprightly, full of energy

whet

(v.) to sharpen, put an edge on; to make keen or eager

antipathy

(n.) a strong dislike, hostile feeling

applicable

(adj.) capable of being applied; relevant, suitable

asset

(n.) something of value; a resource; an advantage

beset

(v.) to attack from all sides; to surround, hem in; (adj., part.) harassed, troubled; studded (as with jewels)

compassion

(n.) sympathy for another's suffering; pity

decorum

(n.) proper behavior, good taste; orderliness

duress

(n.) compulsion by threat; forcible confinement

exuberant

(adj.) high-spirited, enthusiastic, unrestrained; excessive, abundant

facsimile

(n.) an exact copy

imbibe

(v.) to drink; to take in, absorb

implacable

(adj.) not to be satisfied or pacified; unyielding

infinitesimal

(adj.) so small as to be almost immeasurable; minute

innocuous

(adj.) harmless, inoffensive; insignificant

militate

(v.) to have effect or force on or against someone or something, fight against

patent

(n.) exclusive rights over an invention; copyright; (v.) to arrange or obtain such rights; (adj.) plain, open to view; copyrighted

prowess

(n.) distinguished bravery; superior skill or ability

sedate

(adj.) quiet, settled, sober; (v.) to administer a tranquilizer

stentorian

(adj.) extremely loud

stipulate

(v.) to arrange specifically; to require as a condition of agreement

ultimatum

(n.) a final proposal or statement of conditions

abjure

(v.) to renounce, repudiate under oath; to avoid, shun

acrid

harsh in taste or odor; sharp in manner or temper

august

majestic, inspiring admiration and respect

callous

emotionally hardened, unfeelings

clandestine

secret, concealed; underhanded

compunction

remorse, regret

conflagration

(n.) a large destructive fire

elated

in high spirits, jubilant; extremely pleased

indelible

not able to be erased or removed; memorable

indulgent

yielding to the wishes or demands of others

inveterate

firmly established, long-standing; habitual

irrelevant

not to the point, not applicable or pertinent

nocturnal

of or occurring in the night; under cover of darkness

platitude

a commonplace, stale, or trite remark

quell

to subdue, put down forcibly

quiescent

inactive; at rest

ruminate

to meditate, think about at length; to chew the cud

tacit

unspoken, silent; implied, inferred

tangible

capable of being touched; real, concrete

trenchant

incisive, keen; forceful, effective; cutting, caustic; distinct, clear-cut

allude

to refer to casually or indirectly

clairvoyant

supernaturally perceptive; one who possesses extrasensory powers, seer

conclusive

serving to settle an issue; final

disreputable

not respectable, not esteemed

endemic

native or confined to a particular region or people; charateristic of or prevalent in a field

exemplary

worthy of imitation, commendable; serving as a model

fathom

to understand, get to the bottom of; to determine the depth of; a measure of depth in water

guile

treacherous cunning, deceit

integrity

honestly, high moral standards; an unimpaired condition, completeness, soundness

itinerary

a route of travel; a record of travel; a guidebook

misconstrue

to interpret wrongly, mistake the meaning of

obnoxious

highly offensive, arousing strong dislike

placate

to appease, soothe, pacify

placid

calm, peaceful

plagiarism

passing off or using as one's own writing (or other materials) of another person

potent

powerful; highly affective

pretext

a false reason, deceptive excuse

protrude

to stick out, thrust forward

stark

harsh, unrelieved, desolate; utterly

superficial

on or near the surface; concerned with or understanding only what is on the surface, shallow

acquiesce

to accept without protest; to agree or submit

allure

to entice, tempt; to be attractive to; a strong attraction; the power to attract, charm

askew

twisted to one side, crooked; disapprovingly

blithe

cheerful, lighthearted; casual, unconcerned

contentious

quarrelsome, inclined to argue

covet

to desire something belonging to another

crestfallen

discouraged, dejected, downcast

disheveled

rumpled, mussed; hanging in disorder

exponent

one who advocates, speaks for, explains, or interprets; (math) the power to which a number, symbol, or expression is to be raised

garrulous

given to much talking, tediously chatty

insuperable

incapable of being overcome

lamentable

to be regretted or pitied

misnomer

an unsuitable or misleading name

profess

to affirm openly; to state belief in; to claim, pretend

respite

a period of relief or rest

retribution

a repayment; a deserved punishment

sinuous

winding, having many curves; lithe and flexible

sonorous

full, deep, or rich in sound; impressive in style

vanguard

the foremost part of an army; the leading position in any field

wastrel

a wasteful person, spendthrift; a good-for-nothing

allocate

(v.) to set apart or designate for a special purpose; to distribute.

ardent

(adj.) very enthusiastic, impassioned.

assiduous

(adj.) persistent, attentive, diligent.

brash

(adj.) prone to act in a hasty manner; impudent.

capricious

(adj.) subject to whims or passing fancies.

chastise

(v.) to inflict physical punishment as a means of correction; to scold severely.

copious

(adj.) abundant; plentiful; wordy, verbose.

deviate

(v.) to turn aside; to stray from a norm; (n.) one who departs from a norm; (adj.) differing from a norm, heterodox, unconventional.

emaciated

(adj.,part.) unnaturally thin.

exult

(v.) to rejoice greatly.

gnarled

(adj.) knotted, twisted, lumpy.

indemnity

(n.) a payment for damage or loss.

inkling

(n.) a hint; a vague notion.

limpid

(adj.) clear, transparent; readily understood.

omnipotent

(adj.) almighty, having unlimited power or authority.

palatable

(adj.) agreeable to the taste or one's sensibilities; suitable for consumption.

poignant

(adj.) deeply affecting, touching; keen or sharp in taste or smell.

rancor

(n.) bitter resentment or ill-will.

sophomoric

(adj.) immature and overconfident; conceited.

spontaneous

(adj.) arising naturally; not planned or engineered in advance.

animosity

strong dislike; bitter hostility

apathy

a lack of feeling, emotion, or interest

apprehensive

fearful or anxious, especially about the future

commend

to praise, express approval; to present as worthy of attention; to commit to the care of

compatible

able to get along or work well together; capable of use with some other model or system

condolence

an expression of sympathy

consecrate

to make sacred, hallow; to set apart for a special purpose

decrepit

old and feeble; worn-out ruined

deride

to ridicule, laugh at with contempt

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