jgchapter3historytest

73 terms by jaglasgow 

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The essential heresy that caused Anne Hutchinson to be convicted and banished from Massachusetts Bay was her declared belief that

she had recieved a direct revelation from God that the saved did not need to obey either

All of the following were true of Roger Williams except

he was not a Separatist and advocated reconcilitation with the Church of England

The Dutch Colony of New Netherland

was harshly and undemocratically governed

As the head of Dominion of New England, Sir Edmund Andros was all of the following except

a Puritan

Henry VIII aided the entrance of Protestant beliefs into England when he

broke England's ties with the Roman Catholic Church

As a result of England's Glorious Revolution

the Dominion of the New World collapsed

what is predestination?

belief that from the moment of creation some soulds were "saved" and others "damned"

what is conversion?

the sign of reciept of God's free gift of saving grace

what is antinomianism?

belief that those whom God had marked for salvation need not obey secular laws

The event that sparked the colllapse of the Dominion of New England was

the Glorious Rebolution in England

The leader that helped the Pilgrims survive was

William Bradford

After the Pequot War, Purtian efforts to convert Indians to Christianity can best be described as

feeble, not equaling that of the Spanish or the French

The middle colonies were notable for their

unusual degree of democratic control

In Puritan doctrine, the "elect" were also referred to as

"visible saints"

During the early years of colonization in the New World, England

paid little attention to its colonies

The city of New Haven was settled by

Puritans

The Dutch colony of New Netherland (Later New York)

was established for its quick profit of fur trading

People who flouted the authority of the Puritan clergy in massachusetts Bay were subject to which of the following punishments?

all of these: death, banishment, fines, floggings

Compared with the Plymouth Colony, the Massachusetts Bay Colony was

larger and more prosperous economically

As a result of Sir Edmund Andros's rule

all of these: smuggling was suppressed, officials tried to enforce the Navigation Laws, taxes were levied without the consent of elected representatives, the power of town meetings was curbed

Unlike Separatists, the Puritans

remained members of the Church of England

New York and Pennsylvania were similar in that they both

had ethnically mixed populations

King James I opposed the Separatists who wanted to break away entirely from the Church of England because he

realized that if his subjects could defy him as their spiritual leader, they could defy him as their political leader.

One reason that the Massachusetts Bay Colony was not a true democracy is that

only church members could vote for the governor and the General Court

In the Massachussetts "Bible Commonwealth", clergyman

were barred from holding formal political office

As the founder of Rhode Island, Roger Williams

established complete religious freedom for all

As a colony, Rhode Island became known for

individualist and independent attitudes

Puritan doctrine included acceptance of

the idea of a covenant with God

The physical growth of English New York was slowed because

the monopolistic land policies of the aristocrats

The Dominion of New England

all of these: was designed to bolster colonial defense, included all the New England colonies, was created by the English gov. to streamline the admin. of its colonies, eventually included New York and east and west New Jersey

Roger Williams' beliefs included all of the following except

challenging the legality of Massachussetts Bay's charter

The Mayflower Compact can be best described as a

promising step toward genuine self-government

The middle colonies of New York, New Jersey, Penn, and Delaware

had more ethnic diversity thatn either New England or the southern colonies

Economically, the colony of Pennsylvania

became profitable very quickly

Indian policy in early Pennsylvania can be best described as

benevolent

King Philip's War represented

the last major Indian effort to halt New Englanders' encroachment on their lands.

The New England Indians' only hope for resisting English encroachment lay in

intertribal unity agianst the English

The historical significance of the Pilgrims of Plymouth Bay lies in their

moral and spiritual qualities

Settlers of the Connecticut River colony developed a document known as the Fundamental Orders, which

established a regime democratically controlled by "substantial" citizens

One of the traits that made Quakers upopular in England was

their refusal to do military service

All of the following are true of Mrtin Luther except

ther was little notice of his reforms in Europe

When the English gained control over New Netherland

the autocratic spirit survived

Among the Puritans, it was understood that

the purpose of government wass to enforce God's laws

According to Anne Hutchinson, a dissenter in Massachusetts Bay

the truly saved need not bother to obey the laws of God or man

The primary value of the New England Confederation lay in

providing the first small step on the road to intercolonial cooperation

Roger Wiliams based the religious freedom of his colony of Rhode Island on his belief that

civil government had no right to regulate religious behavior or idividual conscience

All of the following were true of the Pilgrims except the

arrived at their original destinations with no casualties

The Separatists migrated from Holland to the New World in order to

avoid the Dutchification of their children

King Phillip's War resulted in

the lasting defeat of New England's Indians

The principal motivation shaping the earliest settlements in New England was

a spirit of adventure and interest in exploring the New World

John Calvin profoundly affected the thought of all the following except

Spanish Armenians

Initially, the Massachusetts Bay Colony enjoyed all of the following advantages except that of

receiving a majority of the Puritans coming to the New World

William Penn's colony of Pennsylvania

actively sought settlers from Germany and other non-British countries

The Indian tribe that the Pilgrim colonists in New England first encountered were the

Wampanoags

Colonists in both the North and the South established differences in all of the following areas except

allegians to England

The New England Confederation

was designed to bolster the colonial defence

All the middle colonies were

notable for their fertile soil

In Calvinist thought, the "conversion" was

a personal experience when God revealed an individual's heavenly destiny

dominant religious group in Massachusetts Bay

Puritans

Radical founder of the most tolerant New England colony

Roger Williams

Indian leader who waged an unsuccessful war against New England's white colonists

King Philip

Reformer whose religious ideas inspired English Puritans, Scotch Presbyterians, French Huguenots, and Dutch Reformed

John Calvin

Conqueror of new Sweden who later lost New Netherland to the English

Peter Stuyvesant

Colony whose gov. sought to enforce God's law on belivers and unbelievers alike

Mass Bay colony

Promoter of Mass Bay as a holy "city upon a hill"

John Winthrop

German monk who started Protestant revolution

Martin Luther

Religious group persecuted in Mass and NY but NOT in Pen.

Quakers

Dissenting religious group first founded in RI by Roger Williams

Baptists

Founder of the most tolerant and democratic of the middle colonies

William Penn

Religious dissenter convicted of the heresy of antinomianism

Anne Hutchinson

Small colony that eventually merged into Mass Bay

Plymouth

Representative assembly of Mass Bay

General Court

Wapanoag chieftain who befriended English colonists

Massasoit

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