Mrs. Aaron's English 2 2nd Semester Final SG

71 terms by slingerlande

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Tragedy

a dramatic work that presents the downfall of a dignified character or characters who are involved in historically or socially significant events

Tragic hero

the main character in a tragedy who makes an error in his/her actions that leads to his/her downfall

Comic relief

a humorous scene, incident, or speech that's included in a serious drama to provide a change from emotional intensity

Plot

sequence of related events in a story or play

Protagonist

The main character in a story or play

Antagonist

a character who opposes the main character

Foil

a character who provides a contrast to another character (exact opposite)

Dialogue

written conversation between 2 or more characters in a work of fiction or non-fiction

Aside

when a character speaks his/her thoughts aloud but in words that are only meant to be heard by the audience but not the other charcters on stage

Pun

a humorous play on words; a joke

Soliloquy

when a character stands alone on the stage and speaks for an extended period of time, during which the thoughts or feelings of the character are revealed

Monologue

when a character speaks, uninterrupted, for an extended period of time but is on stage in the presence of others

Stage directions

information printed in italic print that's supposed to guide directors and actors

Conventions

unrealistic devices or procedures that the reader/audience agrees to accept; we have to use our imaginations

Staging

all the devices used (except dialogue) which are used to communicate to the audience

Iambic pentameter

a form of meter (regular pattern of rhythm) in which there are 5 iambs in a line of verse

Assonance

repetition of internal vowel sounds of words close together in poetry (I made my way to the lake)

Simile

comparison between 2 unlike things through the use of words such as like or as (I'm as happy as a bird)

Imagery

language that appeals to any of the senses; words that use description to help create pictures or images in the reader's mind

Sonnet

consists of 14 rhymed lines, usually written in iambic pentameter

Hyperbole

an extreme exaggeration or overstatement (She wears so much makeup, she must use a shovel to put it on)

Metaphor

a comparison between 2 unlike things with the intent of giving added meaning to one of them (Morning is a new sheet of paper for you to write on)

Personification

giving something non-human, human characteristics or qualities (The pencil raced across the page)

Allusion

a reference in 1 work of literature to a person, place, or event in another work of literature or in history or art

Sestet

A group of 6 lines in poetry

Ear rhyme

most common form of rhyme; places the rhyme sound at the end of the line of verse (So dawn goes down to day, Nothing gold can stay)

Approximate rhyme

the final rhyming sounds are close, but not exactly the same (All of the evening softly lit, As an astral hall, "Father," I observed to Heaven, "You are punctual!")

Alliteration

repetition of initial sounds of words in a row (Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers)

Symbol

something in a literary work that stands for something greater than its own meaning (Wedding rings symbolize a commitment 2 people have made to each other)

Octave

A group of 8 lines in poetry

Quatrain

A group of 4 lines in poetry

Narrative

poetry that tells a story

Stanza

a group of related lines that from a division; it's like a paragraph in prose

Onomatopoeia

the use of a word whose sound imitates its meaning (whoosh, tick-tock, zoom, purr, buzz)

Lyric

type of poetry which is usually brief and focuses on the emotions and thoughts of the speaker; this type of poetry got its name because some poems in ancient Greece were accompanied by the music of a lyre)

Dramatic

poetry when 1 or more characters speak

reverberant

adj. echoing

incensed

v. to cause to be extremely angry

disjoin

v. to separate

indignation

n. anger aroused by something unjust or mean

inveigled

v. entice; trick; deceive

purge

v. eliminate; to cleanse

idiosyncratic

adj. when something is unusual or peculiar

undulations

n. wave; ripple

chide

v. to criticize or scold

disperse

v. to drive off or scatter in different directions

aesthete

n. someone who appreciates art

bellicose

adj. eager to fight

prow

n. the front end of a ship; the bow

galvanized

n. to stimulate; to bring awareness

enkindled

v. to set on fire; to tempt

redress

v. to set right or make amends

suffice

v. to meet the needs of; to be enough

saucy

adj. disrespectful

slighted

v. to treat with inattention; to insult

seigneur

n. a man of rank; a feudal lord

inebriating

v. to make drunk or to intoxicate

tyranny

n. oppression; domination

sinecure

n. an office or position requiring little work

vexed

adj. annoyed or angry

innately

adv. naturally; instinctively

aphorism

n. a brief saying

matriarchal

adj. governed by the female head of the family

inured

adj. trained; broken in

construe

v. interpret

impervious

adj. solid; not flexible

insidious

adv. dangerous

salient

adj. outstanding; important

inane

adj. senseless; silly

affable

adj. gracious; friendly; pleasant

cacophony

n. a jarring, harsh sound

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