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nonfiction

writing that tells about real people, places, or events

autobiography

the writer's account of his or her own life

biography

an account of a person's life written by another person

essay

a brief work of nonfiction that deals with a single subject

fiction

writing that is made up

plot

the chain of related events that take place in a story

conflict

a struggle between opposing forces

exposition

gives background information about characters, conflict, and setting

rising action

where suspense builds because complications arise that make the conflict more difficult for the main characters to resolve

climax

where the reader's interest reaches its highest point

falling action

where the conflict ends

resolution

where loose ends are tied up

foreshadowing

a writer's use of hints or clues to indicate events and situations that will occur later in a narrative

flashback

an account of a conversation, episode, or event that happened before the beginning of a story

dynamic character

A character who grows emotionally, learns a lesson, or alters his or her behavior

static character

one who is simple, with few emotions, remains unchanged throughout

protagonist

Main character, hero or heroine

antagonist

Person or thing opposing the main character

setting

a particular time and place in which the events occur

style

the particular way that a work of literature is written

diction

a writer's selection of language

sentence structure

the length and kinds of sentences used

repetition

the use of the same word or phrase more than once

parallelism

the use of similar grammatical structures, sentence patterns, or figures of speech to express equal or similar ideas

imagery

the use of words and phrases that appeal to the reader's senses

symbol

a term used to designate an object or a process that not only serves as an image itself but also refers to a concept or abstract idea that is important to the theme of the work

theme

the central idea in the work of literature

narrator

the character or voice that relates the events of a story to the reader

point of view

the vantage point from which a story is told

first-person

when the narrator is a character in the story

third-person limited

when the narrator does not participate in the action of the story and knows the thoughts and feelings of only one character

third-person omniscient

when the narrator does not participate in the action of the story and knows the thoughts and feelings of all the characters

mood

the feeling, or atmosphere, that a writer creates for the reader

allusion

an indirect reference to something outside the literature to another well-known literary work

aside

lines whispered to the audience or to another character on stage (implied to be not heard by all the other characters)

soliloquy

a single character on stage thinking out loud (a way of letting the audience know what is in the character's mind)

simile

an expressed comparison between two different things using 'like' or 'as'

metaphor

an implied comparison between two different things; identifying a person or object as the thing to which it is being compared

personification

giving the quality of life to inanimate things

foil

a character in a story that acts in a drastically different way than the main protagonist in order to show the strong differences between the characters

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