American History Exam 2nd semester

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The assassination of the heir to the ______________ throne sparked WWI.

Austrian Hungary

Both sides were locked in a ________________- accurately describes the first few years of WWI.

Stalemate

Who actively encouraged anti German feeling in the US?

Great Britain

Which type of German warfare was a major factor in the US's decision in joining the war?

Submarine

The purpose of the ___________ system was to safely transport troops across the Atlantic.

Convoy

_____________________- troops were segregated and rarely allowed to fight.

African Americans

What was the role of the federal government in the wartime economy?

They regulated the production of war goods.

In the great migration, African Americans moved to _______________________.

Northern Cities

Irreconcilable senators opposed the treaty of Versailles because they did not want the US to be apart of the ____________________.

League of Nations

Why were postwar adjustments difficult?

There were no plans to merge the returning troops back into society.

The incident that triggered WWI was the assassination of the heir to the ________________ throne.

Austria Hungary

What was an underlying cause of WWI?

The web of alliances European nations created for their defense.

The German government promised that their ________________________ would warn ships before attacking.

U Boats

Why did the US join WWI?

In response to Germany's unrestricted submarine warfare.

Which act started the drafting of young men into the war?

The Selective Service Act

When did Russia withdraw from WWI?

After Vladmir Lenin seized control.

_________________________ increased control of the economy during WWI by overseeing war related production.

The Government

What led to the oppression of free speech in the US?

Fear of Spies and Sabotage

Which president convinced the Allies to accept his plan for the League of Nations?

Woodrow Wilson

What did Senators fear would weaken the independence of the US?

Joining the League of Nations

Who was the Austrian Heir that was Assassinated?

Franz Ferdinand

How was imperialism a cause of WWI?

Many nations wanted the un colonized areas of the world.

Why was much of Europe drawn into WWI?

The League of Alliances that European counties were actively involved in.

Generals were not used to the killing power of _______________________. They kept giving the order to attack.

Modern Weapons.

Most Americans opposed the Central powers because of...

Germany's frightening militarism.

Preparedness advocates argued that the US should strengthen its ____________.

Armed Forces.

Which German weapon remained hidden and fired without warning?

The U Boat

Americans thought that German submarine warfare was ________________.

Uncivilized

Why did the US break off diplomatic relations with Germany?

They violated the Sussex Pledge

Who were the target of U Boat attacks?

Ships carrying weapons to the Allies

When were Americans more willing to join the allies?

After the Russian Revolution.

How many ships did the Germans sink before Wilson urged congress to declare war?

Three

Americans responded to the Selective Service act with __________.

Enthusiasm

The ___________________ system cut merchant marine losses greatly.

Convoy

African Americans were mostly used for ______________________________.

Manual Labor

______________'s Exit from the war took part in the first aerial bombing raid.

Russia

At _________________, American Marines helped save Paris by stopping the German's advance.

Chateau Thierry

As Germany weakened, the _____________ sought the unconditional surrender of Germany.

Allies

The death tolls of WWI were extraordinarily _____.

High

The US was able to lend more than $___________ to the allies thanks to liberty bonds.

Ten Million

The war industries had incredibly reaching powers including the ability to ________________________.

Fix Prices.

______________________ was head of the Food Administration and worked to increase farm output and reduce waste.

Herbert Hoover

The passage of a literacy test for immigrants marked a revival of _______________________.

Nativism

Minorities and women found employment opportunities in many __________ related industries.

War

The Sedition Act made it illegal to discuss anything negative about the _______________.

Government

The Sedition Act underwent several ________.

Changes

Wilson's goal for the League of Nations was international ________ and ________________

Security and Stability

After WWI, Germany would rebuild it's _______.

Military

________________________ represented women's desire to break away from the past.

Flappers

A large demographic shift in the 1920s was the movement of Americans to ____________.

Suburbs.

The rapid development of the mass media during the 20s was promoting the creation of _____________________.

National Culture

A result of Prohibition was an increase of ______________________.

Organized Crime.

_____________________ led a movement to build up African American self respect and economic power.

Marcus Garvey

Lives were changing in the 20s for women because they felt freer to experiment with bolder _________ and ___________.

Styles and Manners

In the 20s, ________ inspired Americans because they stood for old fashioned virtues.

Heroes

The growth of organized crime was a lasting effect of ___________________.

Prohibition

Some states banned the teaching of ____________ in schools because the theory seemed to contradict the Bible.

Evolution

The new morals and manners of the 20s were reflected in women's ___________.

Fashions

The status of women changed in the workplace very little in the ______.

1920s

______________ migrated to the north in the early 1900s because of an industrial boom.

African Americans

After immigration laws were tightened, many low paying jobs went to immigrants from ______ and ___________.

Canada and Mexico

In the 20s, trolleys were replaced by __________.

Buses.

In ____________________ and other American Heroes, Americans saw a revival of old fashioned virtues.

Charles Lindbergh

Another popular hero of the era was baseball star, _____________________.

Babe Ruth

The growth of the radio and other ______________ in the 20s produced a national culture.

Mass Media

The introduction of ________ was a big step for the movie industry.

Sound

___________ was brought to northern cities by southern African Americans,

Jazz

Clubs in the ____________ district were among the best places to listen to jazz.

Harlem

____________ wrote about corruption in cities and industries.

Upton Sinclair

Some members of the lost generation left the country to live in __________________.

Paris

Writers James Weldon Johnson and Zora Neale Hurston took part in a movement called the __________________.

Harlem Renaissance

____________ was one of the unforeseen results of prohibition.

Racketeering

The right to teach evolution in schools was debated in the _____________________.

Scope's Trial

____________________ lost some momentum during the Scopes' Trial.

Fundamentalists

Name one cause of the race riots in chicago in 1919.

Overcrowding

Who were the main targets if the Ku Klux Klan's terror?

Blacks, Catholics, Jews, and immigrants.

___________________ urged African Americans to return to Africa.

Marcus Garvey

One group that suffered economically during the 20s were the ______________.

Farmers

This group of people gained attention for their literal interpretations of the bible.

Fundamentalists

At first, women did not feel comfortable ___________for many reasons.

Voting.

Many African Americans left the south to seek employment opportunities in the _____________.

North.

This man took up the cause of the fundamentalists during the Scope's trial.

Williams Jenning Bryan

Flappers danced this dance, which embodied the spirit of the Jazz age.

Charleston

Isolationism and Laissez Faire economy were key items supported by the __________.

Republican Party

This was a major response of the Russian Revolution.

Red Scare

Consumers began to buy goods on __________- in the 1920s.

Credit

Many Americans feared Vladmir Lenin and his followers, the _________________,because the refused to pay back war debts.

Bolsheviks

The cost of ______________-- rose significantly after WWI.

Living

Installment plans affected the American economy in the 20s which fueled the growth of a ______________ economy.

Consumer

What where built that led to a boom in the automobile industry?

New Roads

When can the government quell free speech?

Whenever there is a clear and present danger

Who was Hoover's main competition in the election of 1928?

Alfred E. Smith

Which act reduced the number of people who could enter the US?

The National Origins Act of 1924

An economy depends on a large amount of ____________.

Spending

The 1920s was a major decade of ________________.

Growth

Many believed that Sacco and Vanzetti were excused from the Red Scare because they were immigrants with such ________________ beliefs.

Radical

Which industry did the most to boost others?

The Automobile industry

Uneven prosperity, personal debt, and overproduction were all warning sounds of an unsound _________________.

Economy

Why did Americans feel the Communists?

They were openly hostile towards American Values.

What was the purpose of the Palmer Raids?

To root out groups whose activities posed a clear danger to the country.

Who did Americans believe were behind the labor strikes?

The Communists

Republicans favored ______________.

Business

Harding and Coolidge both based their foreign policies on ___________________.

Isolationism.

Which act said that nations could not use the threat of war in their dealing?

The Kellog Brand Act

In the 20s people began to buy goods on _______.

Credit

Advertisement changed to an emphasis on _____________.

Consumer Image

Who recreated the Automobile Industry?

Henry Ford

Ford made the assembly line more _______________.

Efficient

_____________'s success came from vertical consolidation.

Ford

Gas stations and hotels were sparked by what industry?

Automobile

Most American's expected prosperity to continue when ____________________ was elected/

Hoover

The 1920s were sparked by rising ___________.

Stock Prices

The stock market risings generally benefitted the ______.

Rich

When did the nation's business take office?

1929.

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