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Tanha

The second noble truth, meaning desire, thirst or craving

Eight

____ number of parts to the Buddhist path out of suffering

Pali

Language of the common people in which the earliest buddhist texts were composed

Dukkha

Buddhist idea that all life is suffering

Anatta

Buddhist idea that there is no ultimate reality within, no Atman

Theravada

Lesser vehicle, or way of the elders; focus on Buddha's teachings and meditation

Karma

Moral law of cause and effect- similar to hinduism

Mandalas

Patterned icons that visually excite and are used in Vajrayana Buddhism, often made of sand.

Five precepts

Basic Moral Rules of Buddhists (similar to the 10 commandments)

Anicca

Buddhist idea that existence is always changing, "impermanence"

Cyclical

Buddhist Concept of time

Bodhisattvas

"Buddha's in the making", a buddhist who could attain enlightenment, but is motivated to help others towards it

Zazen

Form of seated meditation used in Zen Buddhism

Arhat

Buddhist title for a saint

Compassion

Greatest virtue for a Buddhist

Middle way

Buddhist path, lying between hedonism and asceticism

Dalai Lama

Head of Tibetan Buddhisim, believed to be the reincarnation of the prominent Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara.

Attachment

According to Buddhism, it is this, in regard to pleasant things, that causes much of our suffering

Sangha

A Buddhist monastic community

Mudras

Choreographed hand movements drawing on the energies of the movement, used in Tibetan Buddhism

Nirvana

State of eternal bliss that Buddhists believe is ultimate salvation

India

Location where Buddhism Began

Dharma

Name for Buddhist Teachings

Desire

According to the four noble truths, suffering is caused by this

Mendicant

Type of life Buddha left up his wealth and luxury for

Siddhartha Gautama

Buddha's Real name

Zen

Form of buddhism with great focus on enlightenment, developed mainly in Japan

Samsara

Wheel of Rebirth

Four

Number of "Passing sights" witnessed by Buddha, leading to his enlightenment

Three Jewels

Buddha, Dharma, Sangha

Asceticism

rigorous self-denial

Buddhist

Taking refuge in the Three Jewels means one is a...

Mantras

resonating chants typically used to evoke a deity or to enhance meditation

Dukkha

suffering, dislocation, discomfort, frustration

Lama

priest

Buddha

"awakened one"

Nirvana

"blowing out"

Anatta, Anicca, Dukkha

Three Marks of Existence

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